Kerguelen Islands

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 49.58°S
  • 69.5°E

  • 1840 m
    6035 ft

  • 234020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kerguelen Islands.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kerguelen Islands.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kerguelen Islands.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Kerguelen Islands. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Kerguelen Islands page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery

The Rallier du Baty Peninsula (lower left) forms the SW tip of Kerguelen Island. It contains two youthful subglacial eruptive centers, Mont St. Allouarn and Mont Henri Rallier du Baty. An active fumarole field is related to a series of Holocene trachytic lava flows and lahars that extend beyond the icecap. The snow-covered peak at the mid-right is late-Pleistocene Mount Ross stratovolcano. The Kerguelen Islands are composed primarily of Tertiary flood basalts and a complex of plutonic rocks extensively modified by glaciation.

NASA Space Shuttle image ISS005-E-21805, 2002 (
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 11 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections. Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description
NMNH 110035-1 Pyroxenite with pyroxene and basalt
NMNH 110036-1 Olivine xenolith
NMNH 110037-1 Olivine xenolith
NMNH 110038-1 Xenolithic
NMNH 110039-1 Xenolithic
NMNH 110040-1 Xenolithic
NMNH 110041-1 Oceanite
NMNH 110042-1 Olivine nodule
NMNH 110043-1 Basalt
NMNH 110044-1 Basalt
NMNH 110045-1 Oceanite

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