Prince Edward Island

No photo available for this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 46.63°S
  • 37.95°E

  • 672 m
    2204 ft

  • 234060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Prince Edward Island.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Prince Edward Island.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Prince Edward Island.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Credible

672 m / 2204 ft


Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)
Tuff cone(s)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite

Tectonic Setting

Rift zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Uninhabited 5 x 10 km wide Prince Edward Island lies opposite Marion Island at the northern end of a submarine plateau on the Antarctic Plate immediately south of the SW Indian Ocean Ridge. The low-angle Prince Edward Island is a remnant of a large shield volcano formerly centered off the current NW shore of the island. Pleistocene and Holocene scoria cones and tuff cones are located throughout the unglaciated 672-m-high island, which was active contemporaneously with nearby Marion Island. Fifteen of the scoria cones and four tuff cones on the coastal plain were active during the Holocene.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

LeMasurier W E, Thomson J W (eds), 1990. Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Oceans. Washington, D C: Amer Geophys Union, 487 p.

Verwoerd W J, 1971. Geology of Marion and Prince Edward Islands. In: Bakker E M, et al (eds) {Marion and Prince Edward Islands}, Cape Town, South Africa: A A Balkema, p 40-62.

Verwoerd W J, Chevallier L, 1987. Contrasting types of surtseyan tuff cones on Marion and Prince Edward islands, southwest Indian Ocean. Bull Volc, 49: 399-413.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Prince Edward Island. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Prince Edward Island page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Caverne, Ile de la


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Boggel Cone
Golden Gate Tuff cone
Half Cone Tuff cone
Hoedberg Cone
Kent Crater Tuff cone
Mcall Kop Cone
Mcnish Bay Cone Tuff cone
Moeder-en-Kind Cone
Ross Rocks Tuff cone
Ship Rock Tuff cone
Vaalkop Tuff cone
Van Zinderen Bakker Peak Cone
Wolkberg Cone

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Prince Edward Island.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Prince Edward Island in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Prince Edward Island Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.