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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 35.75°S
  • 174.27°E

  • 397 m
    1302 ft

  • 241011
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Whangarei.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Whangarei.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Whangarei.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Uncertain

397 m / 1302 ft


Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)
Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Whangarei volcanic field, named after the adjacent Whangarei Harbor, consists of Quaternary basaltic scoria cones and lava flows. The field lies in the central part of the Northland Peninsula, at the southernmost end of the Northland Intraplate Province. In addition to the younger dominantly basaltic rocks, Miocene dacitic lava domes and rhyolitic breccias are also present at Whangarei. Quaternary volcanics form a group of large cones SE of Whangarei, a NE-aligned group of scoria cones north of the city, and a group of lava flows east of the city along a major fault. The youngest basalts were mapped as Holocene (Kear and Thompson, 1964), although the age of the field is not well known and there are some indications that the latest eruption may have been during the late Pleistocene, about 30,000 years ago (Latter 1994, pers. comm.).


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Ashcroft J, 1986. The Kerikeri Volcanics: a basalt-Pantellerite association in Northland. Roy Soc New Zeal Bull, 23: 48-63.

Heming R F, 1980. Patterns of Quaternary basaltic volcanism in the northern North Island, New Zealand. New Zeal J Geol Geophys, 23: 335-344.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Johnson R W, Knutson J, Taylor S R (eds), 1989. Intraplate Volcanism in Eastern Australia and New Zealand. Cambridge, England: Cambridge Univ Press, 408 p.

Kear D, Thompson B N, 1964. Volcanic risk in Northland. New Zeal J Geol Geophys, 7: 87-93.

Latter J H, 1994. (pers. comm.).

Smith I E, Day R A, Ashcroft J, 1986. Volcanic associations of Northland (Tour Guide A4). New Zeal Geol Surv Rec, 12: 5-32.

Thompson B N, 1961. Geological map of New Zealand Sheet 2A--Whangarei. New Zeal Geol Surv, 1:250,000 geol map and text.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Whangarei. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Whangarei page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Kupenui Cone 349 m 35° 41' 0" S 174° 17' 0" E
Cone 35° 40' 0" S 174° 21' 0" E
Maungakaramea Cone 244 m 35° 51' 0" S 174° 12' 0" E
Maungatapere Cone 375 m 35° 47' 0" S 174° 12' 0" E
Maunu Cone 397 m 35° 44' 0" S 174° 14' 0" E
Pukepoto Cone 35° 40' 0" S 174° 23' 0" E
Whatitiri Shield volcano 348 m 35° 46' 0" S 174° 9' 0" E

Photo Gallery

A group of scoria cones, one partially quarried in the foreground, lies at the NW side of the harbor city of Whangarei. The Whangarei volcanic field consists of Quaternary basaltic scoria cones and lava flows. The youngest basalts were initially mapped as Holocene, although the age of the field is not well known and could be late Pleistocene.

Photo by Ichio Moriya (Kanazawa University).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Whangarei in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Whangarei Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.