Rumble II West

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 35.353°S
  • 178.527°E

  • -1200 m
    -3936 ft

  • 241131
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Rumble II West.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Rumble II West.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Rumble II West.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Unrest / Holocene

-1200 m / -3936 ft


Volcano Types


Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The western of the twin Rumble II submarine volcanoes, located NW of Rumble II East, displays evidence of hydrothermal activity. Rumble II West contains a 2.5-3 km wide summit caldera about 200 m deep with a central cone and is about twice the volume of Rumble II East. Rumble II West rises 1800 m from the sea floor to within 1200 m of the sea surface and is the deepest of the Rumble group seamounts. Satellitic cones are found on the flanks of the volcano. Recent lava flows originating from near the caldera rim with little or no sediment cover blanket the western flanks.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

de Ronde, C E J, Baker E T, Massoth G J, Lupton J E, Wright I C, Feely R A, Greene R R, 2001. Intra-oceanic subduction-related hydrothermal venting, Kermadec volcanic arc, New Zealand. Earth Planet Sci Lett, 193: 359-369.

Kibblewhite A C, 1966. The acoustic detection and location of an underwater volcano. New Zeal J Sci, 9: 178-199.

Kibblewhite A C, Denham R N, 1967. The bathymetry and total magnetic field of the south Kermadec ridge seamounts. New Zeal J Sci, 10: 52-67.

Massoth G J, de Ronde C E J, Lupton J E, Feely R A, Baker E T, Lebon G T, Maenner S M, 2003. Chemically rich and diverse submarine hydrothermal plumes of the southern Kermadec volcanic arc (New Zealand). Geol Soc London Spec Pub, 219: 119-139.

Wright I C, Gamble J A, 1999. Southern Kermadec submarine caldera arc volcanoes (SW Pacific): caldera formation by effusive and pyroclastic eruption. Marine Geol, 161: 207-227.

Wright I C, Worthington T J, Gamble J A, 2006. New multibeam mapping and geochemistry of the 30°-35° S sector, and overview, of southern Kermadec arc volcanism. J Volc Geotherm Res, 149: 263-296.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Rumble II West. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Rumble II West page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Rumble II West.

Photo Gallery

A bathymetric map was made during a 2009 voyage on the research vessel R/V Thompson of Rumble II West submarine volcano. Located NW of Rumble II East, Rumble II West, with a summit depth of 1200 m, is the deepest of the Rumble group of seamounts, but displays evidence of hydrothermal activity. It contains a 2.5-3 km wide summit caldera about 200 m deep with a central cone. Recent lava flows originating from near the caldera rim with little or no sediment cover blanket the western flanks.

Photo courtesy of New Zealand Institute of Geology and Nuclear Sciences, 2009.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Rumble II West in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Rumble II West Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.