Giggenbach

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 30.036°S
  • 178.712°W

  • -65 m
    -213 ft

  • 242022
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Giggenbach.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Giggenbach.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Giggenbach.

Giggenbach submarine volcano, named after volcano gas geochemist Werner Giggenbach, lies NW of Macauley volcano. The flat summit of the basaltic-to-dacitic volcano is cut by a 700-m-wide crater containing a central cone. The volcano reaches to within 65 m of the sea surface, and the summit is cut by numerous small explosion pits and craters. Much of the edifice is blanketed by dacitic pumice, and several edifice-collapse scarps cut its flanks. Large satellite cones are found on the ENE and SSW flanks, and a chain of eight small satellitic cones that fed recent andesitic-dacitic lava flows lies on the west flank. A large hydrothermal vent field was found within the summit crater.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Giggenbach. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Giggenbach page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Giggenbach.

Many of the pits on the summit of Giggenbach volcano show layered ash deposits such as these which are evidence for violent eruptions in the past. The ghostly blue hue of the scene is from ambient sunlight at this depth. Giggenbach submarine volcano, named after volcano gas geochemist Werner Giggenbach, lies NW of Macauley volcano. The flat summit of the basaltic-to-dacitic volcano is cut by a 700-m-wide crater containing a central cone, and a large hydrothermal vent field was found within the summit crater.

Image courtesy of New Zealand-American Submarine Ring of Fire 2005 Exploration, NOAA Vents Program.
Iron and silica rich chimneys on the summit of Giggenbach volcano are evidence of warm springs that were active at this site in the past.

Image courtesy of New Zealand-American Submarine Ring of Fire 2005 Exploration, NOAA Vents Program.
Giggenbach submarine volcano viewed from the east in this aerial oblique view with two times vertical exaggeration. Depths range from 75 to 1600 meters in this image. The resolution of the bathymetry data is 25 meters. Giggenbach is ~30 kilometers northwest of the center of Macauley caldera. The bathymetry data are courtesy of the New Zealand National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA).

Image courtesy of New Zealand-American Submarine Ring of Fire 2005 Exploration, NOAA Vents Program.

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

NIWA/NOAA Vents Program, 2005. New Zealand American submarine ring of fire 2005 Kermadec arc submarine volcanoes. New Zeal Nat Inst Water Atmosph Res/NOAA Vents Program final cruise report (http://www.oceanexplorer.noaa.gov/explorations/05fire/logs/leg2_summary/media/srof05_cruisereport_final.pdf).

Wright I C, Worthington T J, Gamble J A, 2006. New multibeam mapping and geochemistry of the 30°-35° S sector, and overview, of southern Kermadec arc volcanism. J Volc Geotherm Res, 149: 263-296.

Volcano Types

Submarine
Cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Dacite
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
0
0

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Giggenbach Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.