Falcon Island

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 20.32°S
  • 175.42°W

  • -17 m
    -56 ft

  • 243050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Falcon Island.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Falcon Island.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Falcon Island.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History


There is data available for 9 Holocene eruptive periods.


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1936 Jun Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1933 Apr Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1927 Oct 4 1928 Sep (in or after) Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1921 Nov ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0  
[ 1894 Dec ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0  
1885 Oct 12 (?) 1886 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1877 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1865 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0  
[ 1781 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0  

Deformation History


There is no Deformation History data available for Falcon Island.

Emission History


There is no Emissions History data available for Falcon Island.

Photo Gallery


Falcon Island is seen from the SE showing the active crater through the SE breach; a steam column is dispersed to the NW by dominant SE Trade Winds. The ephemeral Falcon Island in the central part of the Tonga Islands was named after the British vessel H.M.S. Falcon, which reported a shoal in 1865. Falcon Island has been the site of island-forming eruptions on at least two occasions since the 19th century. By 1949 the island had eroded beneath sea level, but the summit of the volcano remains at shallow depths.

Photo by A. Thompson (published in Taylor and Ewart, 1997).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Falcon Island in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites