Late

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 18.806°S
  • 174.65°W

  • 540 m
    1771 ft

  • 243090
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

Most Recent Bulletin Report: December 1979 (SEAN 04:12) Citation IconCite this Report


Report of ash near the summit proves false

Most of the reported eruption sites were investigated during the 11-18 July cruise of the Fijian research vessel RV Bulikula. An inspection of Late Island, where whitish material thought to be ash reportedly covered the summit cone on 18 and 21 May, revealed no trace of a whitish covering other than scattered patches of white lichen, and no evidence of a recent eruption.

Information Contacts: D. Woodhall and R. Richmond, Mineral Resources Dept., Fiji; D. Tuni, Ministry of Natural Resources, Solomon Islands.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Late.

Bulletin Reports - Index


Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

06/1979 (SEAN 04:06) No activity visible

12/1979 (SEAN 04:12) Report of ash near the summit proves false




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


June 1979 (SEAN 04:06) Citation IconCite this Report


No activity visible

A message received from the ship MV Marama at 1445 on 31 May stated that... no activity was visible on Late.

Information Contacts: R. Richmond, Mineral Resources Dept., Fiji; J. Latter, DSIR, Wellington; S. Tongilava, Lands Survey and Natural Resources, Tonga; R. Jones, Air Tonga.


December 1979 (SEAN 04:12) Citation IconCite this Report


Report of ash near the summit proves false

Most of the reported eruption sites were investigated during the 11-18 July cruise of the Fijian research vessel RV Bulikula. An inspection of Late Island, where whitish material thought to be ash reportedly covered the summit cone on 18 and 21 May, revealed no trace of a whitish covering other than scattered patches of white lichen, and no evidence of a recent eruption.

Information Contacts: D. Woodhall and R. Richmond, Mineral Resources Dept., Fiji; D. Tuni, Ministry of Natural Resources, Solomon Islands.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1854 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations NE flank
1790 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations NE flank?

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


An aerial photo of Late taken July 1990 shows the main summit crater breached to the SE and a NE graben occupied by large pit craters, the largest of which contains a saltwater lake. Except for remnant of a small lava plug in the summit crater, no fresh lava flows are present. The small, 6-km-wide circular island of Late rises 1500 m from the sea floor, with its conical summit reaching 540 m above sea level.

Aerial photo by Tonga Ministry of Lands, Survey, and Natural Resources, 1990 (published in Taylor and Ewart, 1997).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


The following 16 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections. Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description
NMNH 111547-11 Basaltic andesite
NMNH 111547-12 Volcanic
NMNH 111547-13 Basaltic andesite
NMNH 111547-14 Volcanic
NMNH 111547-15 Unidentified
NMNH 111547-16 Volcanic
NMNH 111547-17 Volcanic
NMNH 111547-18 Volcanic
NMNH 111547-19 Volcanic
NMNH 111547-20 Basaltic andesite
NMNH 111547-22 Volcanic
NMNH 111547-5 Basaltic andesite
NMNH 111547-6 Volcanic
NMNH 111547-7 Basaltic andesite
NMNH 111547-8 Volcanic
NMNH 111547-9 Volcanic

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