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Late

Photo of this volcano
  • Tonga
  • New Zealand to Fiji
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1854 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 18.806°S
  • 174.65°W

  • 540 m
    1772 ft

  • 243090
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

Most Recent Bulletin Report: December 1979 (SEAN 04:12) Citation IconCite this Report

Report of ash near the summit proves false

Most of the reported eruption sites were investigated during the 11-18 July cruise of the Fijian research vessel RV Bulikula. An inspection of Late Island, where whitish material thought to be ash reportedly covered the summit cone on 18 and 21 May, revealed no trace of a whitish covering other than scattered patches of white lichen, and no evidence of a recent eruption.

Information Contacts: D. Woodhall and R. Richmond, Mineral Resources Dept., Fiji; D. Tuni, Ministry of Natural Resources, Solomon Islands.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Late.

Bulletin Reports - Index

Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

06/1979 (SEAN 04:06) No activity visible

12/1979 (SEAN 04:12) Report of ash near the summit proves false




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


June 1979 (SEAN 04:06) Citation IconCite this Report

No activity visible

A message received from the ship MV Marama at 1445 on 31 May stated that... no activity was visible on Late.

Information Contacts: R. Richmond, Mineral Resources Dept., Fiji; J. Latter, DSIR, Wellington; S. Tongilava, Lands Survey and Natural Resources, Tonga; R. Jones, Air Tonga.


December 1979 (SEAN 04:12) Citation IconCite this Report

Report of ash near the summit proves false

Most of the reported eruption sites were investigated during the 11-18 July cruise of the Fijian research vessel RV Bulikula. An inspection of Late Island, where whitish material thought to be ash reportedly covered the summit cone on 18 and 21 May, revealed no trace of a whitish covering other than scattered patches of white lichen, and no evidence of a recent eruption.

Information Contacts: D. Woodhall and R. Richmond, Mineral Resources Dept., Fiji; D. Tuni, Ministry of Natural Resources, Solomon Islands.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 2 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1854 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations NE flank
1790 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations NE flank?
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Late.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Late.

Photo Gallery

An aerial photo of Late taken July 1990 shows the main summit crater breached to the SE and a NE graben occupied by large pit craters, the largest of which contains a saltwater lake. Except for remnant of a small lava plug in the summit crater, no fresh lava flows are present. The small, 6-km-wide circular island of Late rises 1500 m from the sea floor, with its conical summit reaching 540 m above sea level.

Aerial photo by Tonga Ministry of Lands, Survey, and Natural Resources, 1990 (published in Taylor and Ewart, 1997).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Fiji, New Caledonia, Tonga
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Fiji
Year: 1986
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Fiji, New Caledonia, Tonga
Title: Tonga Region, Topo of
Publisher: USGS-CCOP/SOPAC S. Pacific Project
Country: Tonga
Year: 1982
Map Type: Bathymetric
Scale: 1:1,800,000
Map of Tonga Region, Topo of
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 20 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 111547-1 Basaltic Andesite -- --
NMNH 111547-10 Volcanic Rock -- --
NMNH 111547-11 Basaltic Andesite -- --
NMNH 111547-12 Volcanic Rock -- --
NMNH 111547-13 Basaltic Andesite -- --
NMNH 111547-14 Volcanic Rock -- --
NMNH 111547-16 Volcanic Rock -- --
NMNH 111547-18 Volcanic Rock -- --
NMNH 111547-19 Volcanic Rock -- --
NMNH 111547-20 Basaltic Andesite -- --
NMNH 111547-21 Basaltic Andesite -- --
NMNH 111547-22 Volcanic Rock -- --
NMNH 111547-2A Volcanic Rock -- --
NMNH 111547-2B Volcanic Rock -- --
NMNH 111547-2C Basaltic Andesite -- --
NMNH 111547-3 Volcanic Rock -- --
NMNH 111547-4 Volcanic Rock -- --
NMNH 111547-6 Volcanic Rock -- --
NMNH 111547-8 Volcanic Rock -- --
NMNH 111547-9 Volcanic Rock -- --
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