Victory

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 9.2°S
  • 149.07°E

  • 1925 m
    6314 ft

  • 253030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Victory.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Victory.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Victory.

The dominantly andesitic Mount Victory stratovolcano occupies the Cape Nelson area on the NE coast of Papua New Guinea. Mount Victory is densely mantled by rainforest, which is somewhat stunted near the summit. On the NE it abutts the deeply dissected Pleistocene Mount Trafalgar volcano. The summit crater of Mount Victory is breached to the SE and is of possible landslide origin. Several near-summit lava domes are present, the SE-most of which marks the 1925-m-high summit of the volcano. Four small satellite cones are located on the SW side, and two others occur on the NE flank. The only confirmed historical activity of Mount Victory was a long-term late-19th to early 20th-century eruption that provided a beacon for passing ships. Pyroclastic flows that destroyed several villages and caused fatalities reached the coast.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1890 (?) 1935 ± 5 years Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1810 ± 10 years ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 2  

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Keraroa


Cones
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ridubidubina, Lake Cone - Crater 9° 11' 0" S 149° 6' 0" E


Domes
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Thumb, The Dome 1841 m 9° 12' 4" S 149° 5' 0" E
The forested volcanic massif at the center of the image is Mount Victory, which occupies the lower part of a peninsula SW of Cape Nelson (upper right). To the NE it abuts the deeply dissected Pleistocene Mount Trafalgar volcano, its summit draped by the larger cloud banks. The summit crater of Mount Victory contains a breached crater and several lava domes. The only confirmed historical activity of Mount Victory was a long-term late-19th to early 20th-century eruption that produced pyroclastic flows that reached the coast.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS093-710-19, 1999 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Cooke R J S, Johnson R W, 1978. Volcanoes and volcanology in Papua New Guinea. Geol Surv Papua New Guinea Rpt, 78/2: 1-46.

Fisher N H, 1957. Melanesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 5: 1-105.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Jakes P, Smith I E, 1970. High potassium calc-alkaline rocks from Cape Nelson, Eastern Papua. Contr Mineral Petr, 28: 259-271.

Johnson R W, 1987. Large-scale volcanic cone collapse: the 1888 slope failure of Ritter volcano, and other examples from Papua New Guinea. Bull Volc, 49: 669-679.

Smith I E, 1969. Notes on the volcanoes Mount Bagana and Mount Victory, Territory of Papua and New Guinea. Aust Bur Min Resour Geol Geophys Rec, 1968/12: 1-21.

Smith I E M, 1981. Young volcanoes in eastern Papua. Geol Surv Papua New Guinea Mem, 10: 257-265.

Smith I E, Davies H L, 1976. Geology of the southeast Papuan mainland. Bur Min Resour Geol Geophys Bull 165: 1-86.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Caldera
Lava dome(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Minor
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Dacite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
16
96
14,042
116,816

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Victory Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.