Victory

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 9.2°S
  • 149.07°E

  • 1925 m
    6314 ft

  • 253030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Victory.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Victory.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Victory.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
253030

1935 CE

1925 m / 6314 ft

9.2°S
149.07°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Caldera
Lava dome(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Minor
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Dacite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
16
96
14,042
116,816

Geological Summary

The dominantly andesitic Mount Victory stratovolcano occupies the Cape Nelson area on the NE coast of Papua New Guinea. Mount Victory is densely mantled by rainforest, which is somewhat stunted near the summit. On the NE it abutts the deeply dissected Pleistocene Mount Trafalgar volcano. The summit crater of Mount Victory is breached to the SE and is of possible landslide origin. Several near-summit lava domes are present, the SE-most of which marks the 1925-m-high summit of the volcano. Four small satellite cones are located on the SW side, and two others occur on the NE flank. The only confirmed historical activity of Mount Victory was a long-term late-19th to early 20th-century eruption that provided a beacon for passing ships. Pyroclastic flows that destroyed several villages and caused fatalities reached the coast.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Cooke R J S, Johnson R W, 1978. Volcanoes and volcanology in Papua New Guinea. Geol Surv Papua New Guinea Rpt, 78/2: 1-46.

Fisher N H, 1957. Melanesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 5: 1-105.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Jakes P, Smith I E, 1970. High potassium calc-alkaline rocks from Cape Nelson, Eastern Papua. Contr Mineral Petr, 28: 259-271.

Johnson R W, 1987. Large-scale volcanic cone collapse: the 1888 slope failure of Ritter volcano, and other examples from Papua New Guinea. Bull Volc, 49: 669-679.

Smith I E, 1969. Notes on the volcanoes Mount Bagana and Mount Victory, Territory of Papua and New Guinea. Aust Bur Min Resour Geol Geophys Rec, 1968/12: 1-21.

Smith I E M, 1981. Young volcanoes in eastern Papua. Geol Surv Papua New Guinea Mem, 10: 257-265.

Smith I E, Davies H L, 1976. Geology of the southeast Papuan mainland. Bur Min Resour Geol Geophys Bull 165: 1-86.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1890 (?) 1935 ± 5 years Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1810 ± 10 years ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 2  

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Keraroa

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ridubidubina, Lake Cone - Crater 9° 11' 0" S 149° 6' 0" E

Domes

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Thumb, The Dome 1841 m 9° 12' 4" S 149° 5' 0" E

Photo Gallery


The forested volcanic massif at the center of the image is Mount Victory, which occupies the lower part of a peninsula SW of Cape Nelson (upper right). To the NE it abuts the deeply dissected Pleistocene Mount Trafalgar volcano, its summit draped by the larger cloud banks. The summit crater of Mount Victory contains a breached crater and several lava domes. The only confirmed historical activity of Mount Victory was a long-term late-19th to early 20th-century eruption that produced pyroclastic flows that reached the coast.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS093-710-19, 1999 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Victory Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.