Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
  Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 9.57°S
  • 149.075°E

  • 640 m
    2099 ft

  • 253040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Waiowa.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Waiowa.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Waiowa.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1944 CE

640 m / 2099 ft


Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone

Rock Types

Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Waiowa (also known as Goropu) is an isolated pyroclastic cone that was formed during 1943-44 by explosive eruptions through Paleozoic to pre-Cambrian metamorphic rocks. The trachyandesitic volcano was born in an area of the eastern Papuan Peninsula without previous volcanic activity. Intermittent minor explosions beginning 18 September 1943 preceded the first major explosion on 27 December. Additional large explosions occurred on 13 February and 23 July 1944, leveling 80 sq km of forest. Following the final activity on 31 August, the topographically insignificant volcano was capped by a 500-m-wide, steep-walled crater that is now densely forested and contains a small lake.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Baker G, 1946. Preliminary note on volcanic eruptions in the Goropu Mountains, south-eastern Papua, during the period December, 1943 to August 1944. J Geol, 54: 19-31.

Fisher N H, 1957. Melanesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 5: 1-105.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Smith I E M, 1981. Young volcanoes in eastern Papua. Geol Surv Papua New Guinea Mem, 10: 257-265.

Smith I E, Davies H L, 1976. Geology of the southeast Papuan mainland. Bur Min Resour Geol Geophys Bull 165: 1-86.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1943 Sep 18 1944 Aug 31 Confirmed 3 Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Goropu | Gorupu | Wai'oa

Photo Gallery

Waiowa (also known as Goropu) is an isolated pyroclastic cone that was formed during 1943-44 by explosive eruptions through Paleozoic to pre-Cambrian metamorphic rocks. The active vents, seen here on February 14, 1944, were formed in an area without previous volcanic activity. Intermittent minor explosions began on September 18, 1943. Larger explosions occurred on December 27, 1943, and on February 13 and July 23, 1944. After the final eruption on August 31, the volcano was capped by a 500-m-wide crater that now contains a small lake.

Photo courtesy of Jim Luhr (Smithsonian Institution, published in Baker, 1946).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Waiowa in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Waiowa Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.