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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 3.125°S
  • 152.642°E

  • 700 m
    2296 ft

  • 254010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Lihir.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Lihir.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Lihir.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Credible

700 m / 2296 ft


Volcano Types


Rock Types

Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Phono-tephrite / Tephri-phonolite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Crustal thickness unknown


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Lihir Island, the largest of an island group north of New Ireland, is a Pliocene-to-Holocene volcanic complex of several overlapping basaltic stratovolcanoes. The youngest volcano, Luise, contains an elliptical, 5.5-km-wide caldera that is breached by the sea on the NE side as a result of edifice collapse about 0.4 million years ago, forming Luise Harbor. The flanks of the volcano are only moderately dissected. The steep-sided caldera wall rises to 700 m above sea level. A central lava plug is strongly hydrothermally altered and displays extensive thermal activity along its margins. Thermal activity includes boiling hot springs, mud pools, and sulfur-encrusted low-temperature fumaroles. The Ladolam hydrothermal deposit hosts one of the youngest and largest gold deposits in the world, which is now being extracted by open-pit mining. The near-surface, epithermal gold deposition extends to about 400 m below sea level over an area of about 2 sq km.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Fisher N H, 1957. Melanesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 5: 1-105.

Kennedy A K, Grove T L, Johnson R W, 1990. Experimental and major element constraints on the evolution of lavas from Lihir Island, Papua New Guinea. Contr Mineral Petr, 104: 722-734.

Simmons S F, Brown K L, 2006. Gold in magmatic hydrothermal solutions and the rapid formation of a giant ore deposit. Science, 314: 288-291.

Wallace D A, Johnson R W, Chappell B W, Arculus R J, Perfit M R, Crick I H, 1983. Cainozoic volcanism of the Tabar, Lihir, Tanga, and Feni Islands, Papua New Guinea: geology, whole-rock analyses, and rock-forming mineral compositions. Aust Bur Min Resour Geol Geophys Rpt, 243: 1-62.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Lihir. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Lihir page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.




Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Huniho Stratovolcano 700 m
Kinami Stratovolcano
Londolovit Stratovolcano
Luise Stratovolcano 700 m


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ladolam Thermal

Photo Gallery

The 20-km-long Lihir Island, north of New Ireland, is a complex of several overlapping Pliocene-to-Holocene stratovolcanoes, the youngest of which is Luise volcano. Luise Harbor (right-center) lies within a 5.5-km-wide caldera on Luise that is breached widely to the sea on the NE side. A central lava plug is strongly hydrothermally altered and displays extensive thermal activity along its margins. Thermal activity includes boiling hot springs, mud pools, and sulfur-encrusted low-temperature fumaroles.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS001-5933, 2001 (

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Lihir in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Lihir Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.