- Info & Contacts
The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Traitor's Head.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Traitor's Head.
The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Traitor's Head.
Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|[ 1959 ]||[ Unknown ]||Uncertain||Four submarine vents N of Erromango|
|1881||Unknown||Confirmed||0||Historical Observations||NE flank submarine vent|
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Nagat||Cone||774 m||18° 45' 0" S||169° 15' 0" E|
|Oulenou||Cone||421 m||18° 46' 0" S||169° 13' 0" E|
|Rantop, Mount||Cone||837 m||18° 46' 0" S||169° 14' 0" E|
|The rectangular peninsula at the top of this Space Shuttle image of Erromango Island with north approximately to the left is the Traitor's Head Peninsula. It lies north of Cook Bay, named for Captain Cook, who actually landed at Polenia Bay on the other side of the peninsula. Three Holocene volcanic cones at Traitor's Head are the youngest on the 50-km-long island. The volcanoes initially formed an offshore island that was later joined to the mainland by uplift. The only historical activity at Erromango was a submarine vent that erupted in 1881.
NASA Space Shuttle image STS68-220-4, 1994 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).
A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.
|Large Eruptions of Traitor's Head||Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).|
|WOVOdat||WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.|
|EarthChem||EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).|
|MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System||Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.|
|MIROVA||Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.|