Hunter Island

No photo available for this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 22.4°S
  • 172.05°E

  • 297 m
    974 ft

  • 258020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

Most Recent Bulletin Report: March 1983 (SEAN 08:03) Citation IconCite this Report


Apparent eruption later discovered to be fires caused by human activity

A Vanuatu Government team visited Hunter Island on 9 March at 1200. White vapor tinged with gray ash billowed to an altitude of approximately 900 m from the main active crater on the W side, and drifted to the W and NW. Fumaroles and two small superimposed craters on the E side were also fuming. Vegetation on the lower slopes of the E coast was burning, which suggested that the eruption had begun recently. By 2200, the fires had reached the central spine of the island and could be clearly seen from the anchorage on the NW coast.

[Later information revealed that human activity had started fires and no eruption had taken place.]

Further Reference. Maillet, P., Monzier, M., and Lefevre, C., 1987, Petrology of Matthew and Hunter volcanoes, South New Hebrides Island Arc (Southwest Pacific): JVGR, v. 30, p. 1-29.

Information Contacts: A. Macfarlane, Dept. of Geology, Mines, and Rural Water Supplies, Vanuatu.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Hunter Island.

Bulletin Reports - Index


Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

03/1983 (SEAN 08:03) Apparent eruption later discovered to be fires caused by human activity




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


March 1983 (SEAN 08:03) Citation IconCite this Report


Apparent eruption later discovered to be fires caused by human activity

A Vanuatu Government team visited Hunter Island on 9 March at 1200. White vapor tinged with gray ash billowed to an altitude of approximately 900 m from the main active crater on the W side, and drifted to the W and NW. Fumaroles and two small superimposed craters on the E side were also fuming. Vegetation on the lower slopes of the E coast was burning, which suggested that the eruption had begun recently. By 2200, the fires had reached the central spine of the island and could be clearly seen from the anchorage on the NW coast.

[Later information revealed that human activity had started fires and no eruption had taken place.]

Further Reference. Maillet, P., Monzier, M., and Lefevre, C., 1987, Petrology of Matthew and Hunter volcanoes, South New Hebrides Island Arc (Southwest Pacific): JVGR, v. 30, p. 1-29.

Information Contacts: A. Macfarlane, Dept. of Geology, Mines, and Rural Water Supplies, Vanuatu.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1983 Mar 9 (in or before) ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
1903 Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations Northern tip of island
1895 Nov 24 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations East side
[ 1892 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1841 Mar 15 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1835 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
[ 1797 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Hunter Island.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Hunter Island in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

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