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Hunter Island

No photo available for this volcano
  • France
  • Melanesia and Australia
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1903 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 22.4°S
  • 172.05°E

  • 297 m
    974 ft

  • 258020
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

Most Recent Bulletin Report: March 1983 (SEAN 08:03) Citation IconCite this Report

Apparent eruption later discovered to be fires caused by human activity

A Vanuatu Government team visited Hunter Island on 9 March at 1200. White vapor tinged with gray ash billowed to an altitude of approximately 900 m from the main active crater on the W side, and drifted to the W and NW. Fumaroles and two small superimposed craters on the E side were also fuming. Vegetation on the lower slopes of the E coast was burning, which suggested that the eruption had begun recently. By 2200, the fires had reached the central spine of the island and could be clearly seen from the anchorage on the NW coast.

[Later information revealed that human activity had started fires and no eruption had taken place.]

Further Reference. Maillet, P., Monzier, M., and Lefevre, C., 1987, Petrology of Matthew and Hunter volcanoes, South New Hebrides Island Arc (Southwest Pacific): JVGR, v. 30, p. 1-29.

Information Contacts: A. Macfarlane, Dept. of Geology, Mines, and Rural Water Supplies, Vanuatu.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Hunter Island.

Bulletin Reports - Index

Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

03/1983 (SEAN 08:03) Apparent eruption later discovered to be fires caused by human activity




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


March 1983 (SEAN 08:03) Citation IconCite this Report

Apparent eruption later discovered to be fires caused by human activity

A Vanuatu Government team visited Hunter Island on 9 March at 1200. White vapor tinged with gray ash billowed to an altitude of approximately 900 m from the main active crater on the W side, and drifted to the W and NW. Fumaroles and two small superimposed craters on the E side were also fuming. Vegetation on the lower slopes of the E coast was burning, which suggested that the eruption had begun recently. By 2200, the fires had reached the central spine of the island and could be clearly seen from the anchorage on the NW coast.

[Later information revealed that human activity had started fires and no eruption had taken place.]

Further Reference. Maillet, P., Monzier, M., and Lefevre, C., 1987, Petrology of Matthew and Hunter volcanoes, South New Hebrides Island Arc (Southwest Pacific): JVGR, v. 30, p. 1-29.

Information Contacts: A. Macfarlane, Dept. of Geology, Mines, and Rural Water Supplies, Vanuatu.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 7 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1983 Mar 9 (in or before) ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
1903 Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations Northern tip of island
1895 Nov 24 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations East side
[ 1892 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1841 Mar 15 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
1835 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
[ 1797 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Hunter Island.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Hunter Island.

Photo Gallery

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Hunter Island.

GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Fiji Region, Topo of the
Publisher: USGS-CCOP/SOPAC S. Pacific Project
Country: Fiji
Year: 1982
Map Type: Bathymetric
Scale: 1:1,800,000
Map of Fiji Region, Topo of the
Title: Vanuatu, SW Pacific, Oblique Map of Republic of
Publisher: US Geological Survey
Country: New Hebrides
Year: 1982
Series: OFR
Map Type: Physiographic
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Vanuatu, SW Pacific, Oblique Map of Republic of
Title: New Caledonia, Vanuatu
Publisher: DMA & Ministry of Defence (HMSO), UK
Country: Vanuatu, N Caledonia
Year: 1982
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of New Caledonia, Vanuatu
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Hunter Island in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites