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  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 13.43°N
  • 94.28°E

  • 710 m
    2329 ft

  • 260001
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Narcondum.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Narcondum.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Narcondum.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Credible

710 m / 2329 ft


Volcano Types


Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Narcondum volcano, an island possession of India in the Andaman Sea, is part of a volcanic arc that continues northward from Sumatra to Burma (Myanmar). The small 3 x 4 km wide conical island, located about 130 km east of North Andaman Island, rises to 710 m, but its base lies an additional 1000 m beneath the sea. The island is densely vegetated, bounded by cliffs on the southern side, and capped by three peaks. No evidence of historical volcanism is present, although the summit region is less densely vegetated. Volcanism at the andesitic volcano is considered to have continued into the Holocene (Krishnan, 1957). The island's name means "pit of hell," although the name could have been mistakenly transferred from the historically active Barren Island volcano, 140 km to the SSW.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Krishnan M S, 1957. Volcanic episodes in Indian geology. J Madras Univ, 27: 193-209.

Mallet F R, 1895. Some early allusions to Barren Island; with a few remarks thereon. Geol Surv India Mem, 28(1): 22-34.

Pal T, Mitra S K, Sengupta S, Katari A, Bandopadhyay P C, Bhattacharya A K, 2007. Dacite--andesites of Narcondam volcano in the Andaman Sea -- an imprint of magma mixing in the inner arc of the Andaman--Java subduction system. J Volc Geotherm Res, 168: 93-113.

Raina V K, 1987. A note on sulfur occurrence in the volcanoes of Bay of Bengal. Indian Minerals, 41: 79-86.

Shanker R, Haldar D, Absar A, Chakraborty S C, 2001. Pictorial Monograph of the Barren Island Volcano. Kolkata: Geol Surv India, 87 p.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Narcondum. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Narcondum page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Photo Gallery

Forested Narcondum volcano lies about 140 km NNE of Barren Island. Both volcanoes are island possessions of India in the Andaman Sea and are part of a volcanic arc extending from Sumatra to Burma (Myanmar). The small 3 x 4 km wide conical island, located about 130 km east of North Andaman Island, is densely vegetated and capped by three peaks. No evidence of historical volcanism is present, although the summit region is less densely vegetated.

Photo published in Shanker et al., 2001 (courtesy of D. Haldar, Geological Survey of India).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 12 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections. Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description
NMNH 117583-11 Andesite
NMNH 117583-12 Andesite
NMNH 117583-13 Andesite
NMNH 117583-14 Dacite
NMNH 117583-15 Andesite
NMNH 117583-16 Andesite
NMNH 117583-17 Dacite
NMNH 117583-18 Dacite
NMNH 117583-19 Andesite
NMNH 117583-20 Andesite
NMNH 117583-21 Andesite
NMNH 117583-22 Andesite

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Narcondum Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.