Bur ni Telong

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 4.769°N
  • 96.821°E

  • 2617 m
    8584 ft

  • 261050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Bur ni Telong.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Bur ni Telong.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Bur ni Telong.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1937 CE

2617 m / 8584 ft


Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The conical Bur ni Telong volcano was constructed at the southern base of the massive Bur ni Geureudong volcanic complex, one of the largest in northern Sumatra. The historically active Bur ni Telong volcano lies 4.5 km from the summit of Geureudong and grew to a height of 2624 m. The summit crater of Bur ni Telong has migrated to the ESE, leaving arcuate crater rims. Lava flows are exposed on the southern flank. Explosive eruptions were recorded during the 19th and 20th centuries.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Cameron N R, Bennett J D, Bridge D M, Clarke M C G, Djunuddin A, Ghazali S A, Harahap H, Jeffery D H, Kartawa W, Keats W, Ngabito H, Rock N M S, Thompson S J, 1983. Geologic map of the Takengon quadrangle, Sumatra. Geol Res Devel Centre Indonesia, 1:250,000 scale map and 26 p text.

Kusumadinata K, 1979. Data Dasar Gunungapi Indonesia. Bandung: Volc Surv Indonesia, 820 p.

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1937 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
[ 1924 Dec 7 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 2  
1919 Dec Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1856 Apr 14 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1839 Jan 12 1839 Jan 13 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1837 Sep 25 ± 5 days Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Tutong, Gunung | Mutelong, Bur | Moetelong, Boer


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Potret, Kawah Crater

Photo Gallery

Historically active Bur ni Telong volcano, seen here from the SE, was constructed on the southern flank of Bur ni Geureudong volcano, part of which is visible in the background. The two summits of the complex are 4.5 km apart and differ only 34 m in elevation. The summit crater of 2624-m-high Bur ni Telong has migrated to the ESE, leaving arcuate crater rims. Lava flows are exposed on the southern flank. Explosive eruptions were recorded during the 19th and 20th centuries.

Photo by Cahya Patria, 2004 (Centre of Volcanology & Geological Hazard Mitigation, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Bur ni Telong in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Bur ni Telong Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.