Tandikat-Singgalang

Photo of this volcano
  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano(es)
  • 1924 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 0.39°S
  • 100.331°E

  • 2854 m
    9361 ft

  • 261150
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

Most Recent Weekly Report: 22 January-28 January 2003 Citation IconCite this Report


On 20 January a felt earthquake occurred at Tandikat, which was followed by a significant number of volcanic earthquakes. This led VSI to raise the Alert Level to 2 (on a scale of 1-4) on 25 January.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)


Most Recent Bulletin Report: September 2003 (BGVN 28:09) Citation IconCite this Report


Brief episode of increased seismicity during January-February 2002

Volcanic seismicity at Tandikat increased significantly following a felt event (MM III) on 20 January 2002 (table 1). Deep-volcanic earthquakes totaled 149 during the week of 20-26 January, a period when 174 tectonic events were also recorded. Both types of earthquakes decreased significantly the next week, and gradually declined further over the following two weeks. The weekly report for 27 January-2 February noted that visual observations were not possible due to thick fog. The hazard status was set at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4) on 25 January 2002 and remained at that level through 16 February.

Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (Email: dali@vsi.esdm.go.id, URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/).

Weekly Reports - Index


2003: January


22 January-28 January 2003 Citation IconCite this Report


On 20 January a felt earthquake occurred at Tandikat, which was followed by a significant number of volcanic earthquakes. This led VSI to raise the Alert Level to 2 (on a scale of 1-4) on 25 January.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)


Bulletin Reports - Index


Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

08/2003 (BGVN 28:08) Increased seismicity during January 2003

09/2003 (BGVN 28:09) Brief episode of increased seismicity during January-February 2002




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


August 2003 (BGVN 28:08) Citation IconCite this Report


Increased seismicity during January 2003

Seismic activity at Tandikat increased significantly over the week of 20-26 January 2003. One felt earthquake (III on the MMI scale) on 20 January was followed by a significant number of deep volcanic earthquakes. The number of both volcanic and tectonic earthquakes resulted in the volcano's hazard status being upgraded to Alert Level 2 on 25 January. Seismic activity decreased over the period 27 January-16 February (table 1), but remained at an elevated level.

Table 1. Seismicity recorded at Tandikat, 13 January-16 February 2003. Data courtesy of VSI.

[Skip text table]
    Date (2002)     Shallow      Deep     Emission   Tremor   Tectonic
                    Volcanic   Volcanic

    13 Jan-19 Jan      --          6         --        --        22
    20 Jan-26 Jan       1        149         --         2       174
    27 Jan-02 Feb      --         46          4         1        54
    03 Feb-09 Feb      --         24          3        --        18
    10 Feb-16 Feb      --         19          5        --        15

Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (URL: http://www.vsi. esdm.go.id/).


September 2003 (BGVN 28:09) Citation IconCite this Report


Brief episode of increased seismicity during January-February 2002

Volcanic seismicity at Tandikat increased significantly following a felt event (MM III) on 20 January 2002 (table 1). Deep-volcanic earthquakes totaled 149 during the week of 20-26 January, a period when 174 tectonic events were also recorded. Both types of earthquakes decreased significantly the next week, and gradually declined further over the following two weeks. The weekly report for 27 January-2 February noted that visual observations were not possible due to thick fog. The hazard status was set at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4) on 25 January 2002 and remained at that level through 16 February.

Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (Email: dali@vsi.esdm.go.id, URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/).

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1924 Apr 1924 Apr (?) Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Tandikat
1914 May 31 Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Tandikat
[ 1892 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Tandikat
1889 Feb 19 1889 Dec 4 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Tandikat summit crater and upper NE flank

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


The historically active Gunung Tandikat lies across the Bukittinggi plain from Marapi volcano in central Sumatra. The summit of Tandikat's twin volcano, Singgalang, is seen here from Bukittinggi city across the steep-walled Ngarai canyon north of the volcano. Gunung Tandikat contains a central cone and a small crater lake constructed within a larger 1.2-km-wide crater. Three small explosive eruptions, the last in 1924, have occurred in historical time.

Photo by Tom Casadevall, 1987 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
Gunung Tandikat, rising above Kandang village on its southern flank, forms a twin volcano with Gunung Singgalang. The two volcanoes were constructed along a NNE-SSW line across from Marapi volcano. The summit cone, containing a 340-m-wide crater, was constructed within a larger 1.2-km-wide crater whose western rim forms the sharp peak below the summit.

Photo by Sumarma Hamidi, 1970 (Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Tandikat-Singgalang in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites