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Perbakti-Gagak

Photo of this volcano
  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano(es)
  • 1939 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 6.75°S
  • 106.7°E

  • 1699 m
    5574 ft

  • 263040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Perbakti-Gagak.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Perbakti-Gagak.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Perbakti-Gagak.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 7 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1939 Apr 6 (in or before) Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Kawah Parabakti
1938 Dec Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Kawah Parabakti
1936 Oct 26 1936 Oct 28 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Cipanas Parabakti
1935 May 31 ± 30 days Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Kawah Cibodas
1929 Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Cibeureum West
1923 Jun Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Kawah Cibodas
6450 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Kiaraberes
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Perbakti-Gagak.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Perbakti-Gagak.

Photo Gallery

Kiaraberes-Gagak, seen here from the west, is part of the Perbakti-Gagak volcanic field. The eroded stratovolcano has two summits and contains numerous fumarolic areas on its flanks. Pumice and obsidian caps the volcano, and obsidian lava flows extend to the north and NE. Mild phreatic eruptions took place in historical time from flank fumarolic fields at the Perbakti-Gagak complex.

Anonymous photo, 1989.
See title for photo information.
The deeply eroded Gunung Perbakti stratovolcano (center) rises above forests to its north, flanked by Gunung Endut (left) and Gunung Salak (right) volcanoes. Gunung Perbakti and Gunung Endut are part of the Perbatkti-Gagak volcanic complex. The summit ridge of Perbakti is elongated in a NW-SE direction, and Gunung Endut volcano rises to 1474 m above a saddle SW of Perbakti. Phreatic explosions have occurred during historical time at the Perbakti-Gagak complex, which is the site of vigorous geothermal activity.

Anonymous photo, 1989.
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Djakarta
Publisher: Director of Military Survey, UK
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1966
Series: 1501 (A)
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Djakarta
Title: Djampang-Kulon
Publisher: Director of Military Survey, UK
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1966
Series: 1501 (G)
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Djampang-Kulon
Title: Sukabumi
Publisher: US Army Map Service (Far East)
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1965
Series: T725
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Sukabumi
Title: Tjibeber
Publisher: US Army Map Service (Far East)
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1965
Series: T725
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Tjibeber
Title: Djampang-Kulon
Publisher: US Army Corps of Engineers
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1959
Series: T503
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Djampang-Kulon
Title: Djakarta
Publisher: US Army Corps of Engineers
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1958
Series: T503
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Djakarta
Title: Batavia
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1946
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Batavia
Title: Batavia
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1946
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Batavia
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 1 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 117455-5 Obsidian Kiaraberes --
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