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  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 7.245°S
  • 107.709°E

  • 2594 m
    8508 ft

  • 263110
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kendang.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kendang.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kendang.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Credible

2594 m / 8508 ft


Volcano Types

Lava dome

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Quaternary Gunung Kendang volcano (also spelled Kendeng) is located immediately north of Papandayan volcano. Kendang contains four fumarole fields, the most prominent of which is Kawah Manuk, located in a broad 2.75-km-wide crater-like depression. Thermal activity consists of fumaroles with sulfur sublimation, mud pots, and hot water pools with occasional mild water ejections. The Darajat geothermal field is located on the E flank and along the Kendang fault, which extends NE to the Kawah Kamojang geothermal field. The latest eruptions produced the very young Kiamis rhyolitic lava dome and obsidian lava flows. Gunung Kiamis was labeled as Recent on a map of Whittome and Salveson (1990) and is located 2 km NE of the Darajat geothermal field.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

van Bemmelen R W, 1949b. The Geology of Indonesia. The Hague: Government Printing Office, v 1, 732 p.

Whittome A J, Salveson J O, 1990. Exploration and evaluation of the Darajat geothermal field, west Java, Indonesia. Trans Geotherm Res Council, 14: 999-1005.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Kendang. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Kendang page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.




Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Kiamis, Gunung Dome 1705 m


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Darajat Thermal
Laher, Kawah Thermal
Manuk, Kawah
    Manoek, Kawah

Photo Gallery

Kendang volcano is the partially cloud-covered dark green area at the right-center of this composite NASA Landsat image of central Java (with north to the top). The stratovolcano (also spelled Kendeng) contains major geothermal areas. The latest eruptions of Kendang volcano produced a very young rhyolitic lava dome and obsidian lava flows. Kendang lies immediately north of Papandayan volcano (the cloud-covered area at the bottom right-center) and SE of Wayang-Windu volcano (the elongated dark-green area at the upper left-center).

NASA Landsat7 image (

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Kendang in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Kendang Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.