Cereme

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 6.892°S
  • 108.4°E

  • 3078 m
    10096 ft

  • 263170
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

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Most Recent Weekly Report: 29 October-4 November 2003


DVGHM raised the Alert Level at Cereme to 2 (on a scale of 1-4) on 13 October after increases in seismic and volcanic activity. During 13-19 October, the seismic network recorded 36 deep-volcanic earthquakes. Seismicity decreased during 20-26 October, with 7 deep-volcanic earthquakes recorded.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)


Most Recent Bulletin Report: December 2003 (BGVN 28:12)


During late 2003, 1-9 earthquakes per day at this Javanese volcano

Ongoing seismicity continued during 27 October-30 November 2003 (table 1). The number of A-type volcanic earthquakes peaked during 3-9 November (53 events). Hot spring temperature measurements were 47°C at Sangkan Hurip, 50°C at Cilengkrang, and 43°C at Ciniru. No significant visual activity was reported, and the hazard status remained at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Table 1. Seismicity registered at Cereme, 27 October-30 November 2003. Courtesy of VSI.

    Dates (2003)    Volcanic    Volcanic    Tectonic
                     type-A      type-B

    27 Oct-02 Nov      11           2           7
    03 Nov-09 Nov      53           1           6
    10 Nov-16 Nov      17           0           6
    17 Nov-23 Nov       8           0           3
    24 Nov-30 Nov       4           0           8

Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Hetty Triastuty, Nia Haerani, and Suswati, Vulcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (Email: dali@vsi.esdm.go.id, URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/).

Index of Weekly Reports


2003: October

Weekly Reports


29 October-4 November 2003

DVGHM raised the Alert Level at Cereme to 2 (on a scale of 1-4) on 13 October after increases in seismic and volcanic activity. During 13-19 October, the seismic network recorded 36 deep-volcanic earthquakes. Seismicity decreased during 20-26 October, with 7 deep-volcanic earthquakes recorded.

Source: Pusat Vulkanologi dan Mitigasi Bencana Geologi (PVMBG, also known as CVGHM)


15 October-21 October 2003

According to news reports, local authorities issued an alert and closed Cereme to the public after detecting unrest. Several earthquakes were recorded on 17 October. Seismicity increased on 18 October, when 18 earthquakes up to M 2 occurred. Seismicity was felt in seven subdistricts of the Cilimus and Pesawahan districts.

Sources: The Jakarta Post; The Jakarta Post; ABC News - Australian Broadcasting Corporation; Agence France-Presse (AFP)


Index of Bulletin Reports


Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

10/2003 (BGVN 28:10) Volcanic seismicity that began in March increased in October

12/2003 (BGVN 28:12) During late 2003, 1-9 earthquakes per day at this Javanese volcano




Bulletin Reports

All information contained in these reports is preliminary and subject to change.


10/2003 (BGVN 28:10) Volcanic seismicity that began in March increased in October

Data from the Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI) indicated a tectonic and volcanic earthquake at Cereme on 25 March, followed by one more volcanic event on 28 March. Activity picked up on 2 April with three more volcanic events, with 17 events through 14 April. Daily highs of 8 and 11 events were recorded on 24 April and 3 May, respectively (2-4 May had 22). Seismicity remained generally low (0-3/day) until 29 events occurred on 7 October.

After a felt earthquake on 7 October, volcanic earthquakes increased. This increased seismicity was accompanied by elevated visually observed activity, resulting in the hazard status being upgraded to Alert Level 2 on 13 October. Seismic activity during 6-12 October consisted of 46 deep volcanic earthquakes and 15 shallow volcanic earthquakes; 36 deep volcanic events occurred the following week of 13-19 October. There was a felt earthquake on 19 October that lasted for 95.5 seconds (35 mm amplitude). Seismic activity declined during 20-26 October, when only seven deep volcanic earthquakes were recorded. The temperature measured at the Sangkan Hurip hotspring in late October was 48°C, unchanged from previous measurements.

Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Hetty Triastuty, Nia Haerani, and Suswati, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (Email: dali@vsi.esdm.go.id, URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/); Darwin Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre (VAAC), Bureau of Meteorology, Northern Territory Regional Office, PO Box 40050, Casuarina, NT 0811, Australia (URL: http://www.bom.gov.au/info/vaac/, Email: a.tupper@bom.gov.au).

12/2003 (BGVN 28:12) During late 2003, 1-9 earthquakes per day at this Javanese volcano

Ongoing seismicity continued during 27 October-30 November 2003 (table 1). The number of A-type volcanic earthquakes peaked during 3-9 November (53 events). Hot spring temperature measurements were 47°C at Sangkan Hurip, 50°C at Cilengkrang, and 43°C at Ciniru. No significant visual activity was reported, and the hazard status remained at Alert Level 2 (on a scale of 1-4).

Table 1. Seismicity registered at Cereme, 27 October-30 November 2003. Courtesy of VSI.

    Dates (2003)    Volcanic    Volcanic    Tectonic
                     type-A      type-B

    27 Oct-02 Nov      11           2           7
    03 Nov-09 Nov      53           1           6
    10 Nov-16 Nov      17           0           6
    17 Nov-23 Nov       8           0           3
    24 Nov-30 Nov       4           0           8

Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Hetty Triastuty, Nia Haerani, and Suswati, Vulcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (Email: dali@vsi.esdm.go.id, URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/).

The symmetrical stratovolcano Cereme, also known as Ciremai, is located closer to the northern coast than other central Java volcanoes. A steep-sided double crater elongated in an E-W direction caps 3078-m-high Gunung Cereme, which was constructed on the northern rim of the 4.5 x 5 km Geger Halang caldera. A large landslide deposit to the north may be associated with the origin of the caldera, although collapse may rather be due to a voluminous explosive eruption (Newhall and Dzurisin, 1988). Eruptions, relatively infrequent in historical time, have included explosive activity and lahars, primarily from the summit crater.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1951 Mar 1 1951 Mar 2 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1937 Jun 24 1938 Jan 7 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Floor and north wall of East Crater
1805 Apr Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1775 Jan 4 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1772 Aug 11 1772 Aug 12 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1698 Feb 3 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Tjareme | Tjiremai | Tjereme | Careme | Ciremai | Cerme | Cerimai | Tjerme | Tjeremai

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Geger Halang Pleistocene caldera
Gua Walet
    Gua Waled
Crater 2926 m
The prominent 3078-m-high symmetrical stratovolcano Cereme, also spelled Ceremai, overlooks the major Java Sea city of Cirebon. The steep-sided double crater, elongated in an E-W direction, that caps Gunung Cereme is seen here from the south. Cereme volcano was constructed on the northern rim of the 4.5 x 5 km Geger Halang caldera. Eruptions, relatively infrequent in historical time, have included explosive activity and lahars, primarily from the summit crater.

Photo published in Taverne, 1926 "Vulkaanstudien op Java," (courtesy of Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
A small lake occupies the steep-walled summit crater of Cereme volcano in central Java in this 2004 view. The symmetrical stratovolcano, also known as Ciremai, is located closer to the northern coast than other central Java volcanoes. A steep-sided double crater elongated in an E-W direction caps 3078-m-high Gunung Cereme. Eruptions from Cereme, relatively infrequent in historical time, have included explosive activity and lahars, primarily from the summit crater.

Photo by Cahya Patria, 2004 (Centre of Volcanology & Geological Hazard Mitigation, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Hamidi S, Djuhara A, Martono A, 1993. Volcanic hazard map of Ciremai volcano, West Java. Volc Surv Indonesia, 1:100,000 map.

Kaswanda O, Said H, Rahardja N, 1987. . (pers. comm.).

Kusumadinata K, 1979. Data Dasar Gunungapi Indonesia. Bandung: Volc Surv Indonesia, 820 p.

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

Newhall C G, Dzurisin D, 1988. Historical unrest at large calderas of the world. U S Geol Surv Bull, 1855: 1108 p, 2 vol.

Sudradjat A, 1977. . (pers. comm.).

Taverne N J M, 1926. Vulkanstudien op Java. Vulk Meded, 7: 1-132.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
915
67,377
3,058,015
25,718,820

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Cereme Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.