Merbabu

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 7.45°S
  • 110.43°E

  • 3145 m
    10316 ft

  • 263240
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Merbabu.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Merbabu.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Merbabu.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1797 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1586 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
[ 1570 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1560 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


Merapi (left) and Merbabu (right) volcanoes tower above the lowlands between the cities of Yogjakarta and Surakarta (Solo) in this aerial view from the SE. Both 3145-m-high Merbabu and 2911-m-high Merapi have erupted during historical time, but Merapi is by far the more vigorous of the two. A growing lava dome in the summit crater frequently collapses, producing pyroclastic flows and lahars that sweep down the steep slopes of the volcano, often with catastrophic results.

Photo by Jeff Post, 1991 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Gunung Merbabu, seen here from the south near the summit of Merapi volcano, is a massive forested volcano that exceeds Merapi in height. The volcano is divided into three segments by prominent U-shaped radial valleys, not visible from this angle, that extend from the summit of Merbabu towards the NW, NE, and SE. Eruptions have occurred during historical time from Merbabu from the summit crater and from a NNW-SSE fissure system that cuts across the summit and fed flank lava flows.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1995 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Merbabu in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites