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Merbabu

Photo of this volcano
  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano
  • 1797 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 7.454°S
  • 110.44°E

  • 3118 m
    10230 ft

  • 263240
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Merbabu.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Merbabu.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Merbabu.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 4 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1797 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1586 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
[ 1570 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1560 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Merbabu.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Merbabu.

Photo Gallery

Merapi (left) and Merbabu (right) volcanoes tower above the lowlands between the cities of Yogjakarta and Surakarta (Solo) in this aerial view from the SE. Both 3145-m-high Merbabu and 2911-m-high Merapi have erupted during historical time, but Merapi is by far the more vigorous of the two. A growing lava dome in the summit crater frequently collapses, producing pyroclastic flows and lahars that sweep down the steep slopes of the volcano, often with catastrophic results.

Photo by Jeff Post, 1991 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Gunung Merbabu, seen here from the south near the summit of Merapi volcano, is a massive forested volcano that exceeds Merapi in height. The volcano is divided into three segments by prominent U-shaped radial valleys, not visible from this angle, that extend from the summit of Merbabu towards the NW, NE, and SE. Eruptions have occurred during historical time from Merbabu from the summit crater and from a NNW-SSE fissure system that cuts across the summit and fed flank lava flows.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1995 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Bandar
Publisher: US Army Map Service (Far East)
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1981
Series: T725
Map Type: Geology (Volcanic Hazard)
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Bandar
Title: Semarang
Publisher: Director of Military Survey, UK
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1966
Series: 1501 (G)
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Semarang
Title: Jogjakarta
Publisher: Director of Military Survey, UK
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1966
Series: 1501 (G)
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Jogjakarta
Title: Bandar
Publisher: US Army Map Service (Far East)
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1964
Series: T725
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Bandar
Title: Sermarang
Publisher: US Army Corps of Engineers
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1959
Series: T503
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Sermarang
Title: Jogjakarta
Publisher: US Army Corps of Engineers
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1959
Series: T503
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Jogjakarta
Title: Soerabaja
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Indonesia
Year: 1945
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Soerabaja
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Merbabu in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

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