Muria

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 6.62°S
  • 110.88°E

  • 1625 m
    5330 ft

  • 263251
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Muria.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Muria.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Muria.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
263251

160 BCE

1625 m / 5330 ft

6.62°S
110.88°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Lava dome(s)
Pyroclastic cone(s)
Maar(s)

Rock Types

Major
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite
Trachyte / Trachyandesite
Phonolite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
212
7,653
1,587,867
13,061,031

Geological Summary

Muria stratovolcano forms the broad Muria Peninsula along the northern coast of central Java and lies well north of the main volcanic chain. This 1625-m-high volcano occupies much of the peninsula and is flanked by Genuk volcano, an eroded lava-dome complex near the coast at the northern base of Muria. Muria (also spelled Muriah) is largely Pleistocene in age and displays deeply eroded flanks. The summit of the high-potassium volcano is cut by several large N-S-trending craters, some containing lava domes. Numerous flank vents include lava domes, cinder cones, and maars. The most recent eruptive activity at Muria produced three maars on the SE and NE flanks and a lava flow from a SE-flank vent that entered one of the maars. Conflicting late-Pleistocene to Holocene age dates for these maars leave uncertainties about their ages, but their youthful morphology in surrounding eroded terrain suggests a probable Holocene age, and they could be as young as several thousand years.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

McBirney A R, Serva L, Guerra M, Conner C B, 2003. Volcanic and seismic hazards at a proposed nuclear power site in central Java. J Volc Geotherm Res, 126: 11-30.

Nichols I A, Whitford D J, 1983. Potassium-rich volcanic rocks of the Muriah complex, Java, Indonesia: products of multiple magma sources?. J Volc Geotherm Res, 18: 337-359.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0160 BCE ± 300 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected) East flank (Gunung Bambang)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Muriah

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Silamuk Pyroclastic cone

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Bambang, Gunung Maar
Gembong, Gunung Maar
Rowo, Gunung Maar

Domes

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Blumbang Dome
Genuk Dome 6° 26' 0" S 110° 55' 0" E
Joglo, Mount Dome
Rahtawu Dome
Sutarengga Dome
Telon Dome
Wangkong Dome

Photo Gallery


Muria stratovolcano forms the broad Muria Peninsula along the northern coast of central Java in this NASA Landsat mosaic (with north to the top). This 1625-m-high volcano lies well north of the main volcanic chain in Java. It is largely Pleistocene in age and displays deeply eroded flanks. The summit is cut by several large N-S-trending craters, some containing lava domes. The most recent eruptive activity at Muria produced three maars on the SE and NE flanks and a lava flow from a SE-flank vent that entered one of the maars.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Muria Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.