Kawi-Butak

Photo of this volcano
  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano(es)
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 7.92°S
  • 112.45°E

  • 2651 m
    8695 ft

  • 263281
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

Most Recent Bulletin Report: March 2003 (BGVN 28:03) Citation IconCite this Report


Fires detected on infrared satellite imagery, but no volcanic activity

MODIS thermal alerts at Kawi-Butak during 2001 and 2002 occurred only in August and October 2002 mostly to the SE of the summit. These almost certainly represent fires rather than volcanic events. The biggest detected alert occurred on 12 October and was characterized by seven alert-pixels with maximum alert ratio of -0.298. These alert pixels were in a group including the summit and the N flank, and are the best candidate for an eruption, though it is unlikely that an eruption of the kind required to trigger such an alert (a significant lava dome or flow) would have gone unreported. The Volcanological Survey of Indonesia confirmed that there was no eruption at Kawi-Butak on 12 October 2002 and that the thermal alert was indeed caused by a bush fire.

Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (Email: dali@vsi.esdm.go.id, URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/); Diego Coppola and David A. Rothery, Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK (Email: d.coppola@open.ac.uk, d.a.rothery@open.ac.uk). Thermal alerts courtesy of the HIGP MODIS Thermal Alerts Team (URL: http://modis.higp.hawaii.edu/).

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kawi-Butak.

Bulletin Reports - Index


Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

03/2003 (BGVN 28:03) Fires detected on infrared satellite imagery, but no volcanic activity




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


March 2003 (BGVN 28:03) Citation IconCite this Report


Fires detected on infrared satellite imagery, but no volcanic activity

MODIS thermal alerts at Kawi-Butak during 2001 and 2002 occurred only in August and October 2002 mostly to the SE of the summit. These almost certainly represent fires rather than volcanic events. The biggest detected alert occurred on 12 October and was characterized by seven alert-pixels with maximum alert ratio of -0.298. These alert pixels were in a group including the summit and the N flank, and are the best candidate for an eruption, though it is unlikely that an eruption of the kind required to trigger such an alert (a significant lava dome or flow) would have gone unreported. The Volcanological Survey of Indonesia confirmed that there was no eruption at Kawi-Butak on 12 October 2002 and that the thermal alert was indeed caused by a bush fire.

Information Contacts: Dali Ahmad, Volcanological Survey of Indonesia (VSI), Jalan Diponegoro No. 57, Bandung 40122, Indonesia (Email: dali@vsi.esdm.go.id, URL: http://www.vsi.esdm.go.id/); Diego Coppola and David A. Rothery, Department of Earth Sciences, The Open University, Milton Keynes, MK7 6AA, UK (Email: d.coppola@open.ac.uk, d.a.rothery@open.ac.uk). Thermal alerts courtesy of the HIGP MODIS Thermal Alerts Team (URL: http://modis.higp.hawaii.edu/).

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Kawi-Butak. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Kawi-Butak page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Kawi-Butak.

Photo Gallery


The broad Kawi-Butak volcanic massif, seen here from the ENE along the rim of Tengger caldera, lies immediately east of Kelut volcano and south of Arjuno-Welirang volcano. The 2551-m-high Gunung Kawi (right) was constructed to the NW of 2868-m-high Gunung Butak (center).

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1995 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
The broad Kawi-Butak volcanic massif rises above rice paddies below its SW flank. The forested volcano lies immediately east of Kelut volcano and south of Arjuno-Welirang volcano. The high point of the complex is flat-topped 2868-m-high Gunung Butak on the right horizon. The 2551-m-high Gunung Kawi (left-center) was constructed to the NW of Butak. No historical eruptions are known from either volcano, but both are primarily of Holocene age.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Three young volcanoes in eastern Java are seen in this aerial view from the NE. The Arjuno-Welirang massif lies at the left-center, with 3339-m-high Gunung Arjuno forming the high point of the complex and light-colored Gunung Welirang to the NW (right). In the background is the Kawi-Butak massif, with 2868-m-high Gunung Butak forming the high point and Gunung Kawi to its right. The smaller conical peak of Penanggungan rises above lowlands in the foreground.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Kawi-Butak in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites