Baluran

Photo of this volcano
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  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Uncertain Evidence
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 7.85°S
  • 114.37°E

  • 1247 m
    4090 ft

  • 263351
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Baluran.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Baluran.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Baluran.

The small 1247-m-high andesitic volcano of Baluran, dwarfed by its neighbor Ijen volcano to the SW, occupies the very NE tip of Java. Gunung Baluran contains a broad horseshoe-shaped crater breached to the NE. The volcano lies within a national park and game reserve featuring savannah grasslands and monsoon forests. Baluran was considered by van Bemmelen (1949b) to be of Holocene age.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Baluran. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Baluran page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Baluran.

An aerial view from the SW on September 12, 1991 shows an eruption plume from Raung volcano in eastern Java blown by strong winds to the NW. Behind Raung is the massive Ijen caldera, capped by the post-caldera cone of Gunung Merapi (upper right). The light spot below and to the left of Merapi is Kawah Ijen, a renowned crater lake. The flat-topped volcano at the upper left is Gunung Baluran, which occupies the NE-most tip of the island of Java.

Photo by Jeff Post, 1991 (Smithsonian Institution).
An atmospheric cloud drifts to the east from the summit of the small 1247-m-high andesitic volcano of Baluran, seen here from the SW, along the saddle between it and Ijen volcano. Gunung Baluran, which occupies the very NE tip of Java, contains a broad horseshoe-shaped crater breached to the NE. The volcano lies within a national park and game reserve featuring savannah grasslands and monsoon forests.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1995 (Smithsonian Institution).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

van Bemmelen R W, 1949b. The Geology of Indonesia. The Hague: Government Printing Office, v 1, 732 p.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
1,313
59,107
437,688
5,474,053

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Baluran Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.