Gunungapi Wetar

No photo available for this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 6.642°S
  • 126.65°E

  • 282 m
    925 ft

  • 265030
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Gunungapi Wetar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Gunungapi Wetar.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Gunungapi Wetar.

Gunungapi Wetar volcano forms an isolated island in the Banda Sea north of Wetar Island. The small circular island reaches only 282 m above the sea surface but is the summit of a massive stratovolcano that towers 5000 m above the sea floor. The central crater contains a small cone. Three large landslide scarps, the largest of which forms a prominent embayment on the NE coast, cut the flanks of the volcano. The youngest lava flow descended the SW flank to the coast. Explosive eruptions in 1512 and 1699 mark the only known historical activity of Gunungapi Wetar.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1699 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1512 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Api | Gunung Api North of Wetar

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Gunungapi Wetar.

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Jezek P A, Hutchison C S, 1978. Banda Arc of Eastern Indonesia: petrology and geochemistry of volcanic rocks. Bull Volc, 41: 586-608.

Kaswanda O, Said H, Rahardja N, 1987. . (pers. comm.).

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

Sudradjat A, 1977. . (pers. comm.).

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
2
2
2
2

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Gunungapi Wetar Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.