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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 6.73°S
  • 129.5°E

  • 781 m
    2562 ft

  • 265060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Nila.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Nila.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Nila.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1968 CE

781 m / 2562 ft


Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The 5 x 6 km Nila Island in the Banda Sea is comprised of a low-rimmed caldera whose rim is breached at sea level on the south and east and contains a 781-m-high youthful forested cone. Phreatic eruptions from the dominantly andesitic Nila, also known as Laworkawra, have occurred from summit vents and flank fissures in historical time. A 1932 eruption from a fissure that extended from the summit to the SE coast produced heavy ashfall that forced abandonment of Rumadai village.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Jezek P A, Hutchison C S, 1978. Banda Arc of Eastern Indonesia: petrology and geochemistry of volcanic rocks. Bull Volc, 41: 586-608.

Kusumadinata K, 1979. Data Dasar Gunungapi Indonesia. Bandung: Volc Surv Indonesia, 820 p.

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

Varekamp J C, Snellius II Shipboard Party, 1984. The Banda arc volcanoes, eastern Indonesia (abs). Eos, Trans Amer Geophys Union, 65: 1135.

Vroon P Z, 1992. Subduction of continental material in the Banda Arc, eastern Indonesia: Sr-Nd-Pb isotope and trace element evidence from volcanics and sediments. Fac Aardwetenschappen Rijksuniversiteit Utrecht, 205 p.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1968 May 7 1968 Jun Confirmed 1 Historical Observations East flank
1964 Mar 1964 Mar Confirmed 1 Historical Observations
1932 Mar 13 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations SE flank
1903 Dec 8 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Kokon | Lina | Lawarkawra | Nika | Laworkawra

Photo Gallery

Nila Island, viewed here from off its northern coast, is the emergent summit of a stratovolcano that rises 3700 m from the Banda Sea floor. A submarine vent is located off the north flank immediately west of the small island of Nika. Gas bubbles were observed along the rim of the submarine cone in 1932, when an eruption occurred from a fissure extending from the summit to the SE coast.

Photo by Rizal, 1976 (Volcanological Survey of Indonesia).
A fumarole plume (right-center) rises above the steep SE slopes of Nila volcano, also known as Laworkawra or Lawarkawra. A remnant of the rim of a 5-km-wide caldera forms the forested slope at the left. The 781-m-high summit above it is a post-caldera cone that fills much of the caldera and extends to the sea at the right. Phreatic eruptions from Gunung Nila have occurred from summit vents and flank fissures during historical time.

Photo by Ruska Hadian, 1975 (published in Kusumadinata 1979, "Data Dasar Gunungapi Indonesia").

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Nila in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Nila Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.