Serua

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 6.312°S
  • 130.017°E

  • 608 m
    1994 ft

  • 265070
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Serua.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Serua.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Serua.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
265070

1921 CE

608 m / 1994 ft

6.312°S
130.017°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Lava dome

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
58
58
58
258

Geological Summary

The small 2 x 4 km island of Serua is the emergent summit of a volcano rising 3600 m above the Banda Sea floor. A truncated central cone surrounded by an old somma wall is capped by 641-m-high Gunung Wuarlapna lava dome. The andesitic Serua volcano, also known as Legatala, lies near the center of the Banda arc and is one of the most active of the Banda Sea volcanoes, with many eruptions recorded since the 17th century.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Jezek P A, Hutchison C S, 1978. Banda Arc of Eastern Indonesia: petrology and geochemistry of volcanic rocks. Bull Volc, 41: 586-608.

Kusumadinata K, 1979. Data Dasar Gunungapi Indonesia. Bandung: Volc Surv Indonesia, 820 p.

Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.

Sudradjat A, 1977. (pers. comm.).

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1921 Sep 18 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Summit and south flank
1919 Nov Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1859 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1858 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1846 Sep (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
[ 1845 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 2  
1844 Aug 1844 Sep Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1694 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1693 Jun 4 1693 Jul Confirmed 4 Historical Observations
[ 1692 Jun 4 (?) ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
1687 Jun 15 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
1683 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Seroea | Sorea | Legatala | Legetala | Legelala

Domes

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Wuarlapna, Gunung Dome 641 m

Photo Gallery


The summit of Gunung Serua volcano is seen here from the village of Lesluru on its eastern flank. Serua, also known as Legatala, is elongated in a NW-SE direction and capped by a summit lava dome.

Photo courtesy of Volcanological Survey of Indonesia, 1978.
Gunung Wuarlapna, viewed here from the SW, is a blocky lava dome that marks the 641-m-high summit of Gunung Serua volcano.

Photo by Ruska Hadian, 1975 (published in Kusumadinata, 1979 "Data Dasar Gunungapi Indonesia").
The small 2 x 4 km island of Serua, seen here from off its southern coast, is the emergent summit of a volcano rising 3600 m above the Banda Sea floor. The 641-m-high truncated central cone is surrounded by an old somma wall. A lava dome forms the summit of Gunung Serua, which is elongated in a NE-SW direction. Serua, also known as Legatala, is one of the most active of the Banda Sea volcanoes, with many eruptions recorded since the 17th century.

Photo by Ruska Hadian, 1975 (published in Kusumadinata 1979, "Data Dasar Gununapi Indonesia").
The small, 2 x 4 km island of Serua, seen here from the north, is elongated in a NE-SW direction. An unvegetated lava dome forms the summit of the volcano, which rises 3600 m above the Banda Sea floor. The 641-m-high truncated central cone is surrounded by an old somma wall. Serua, also known as Legatala, is one of the most active of the Banda Sea volcanoes, with many eruptions recorded since the 17th century.

Copyrighted photo by Michael Thirnbeck, 2007.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Serua Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.