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Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|1921 Sep 18||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations||Summit and south flank|
|1919 Nov||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
|1846 Sep (?)||Unknown||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
|[ 1845 ]||[ Unknown ]||Uncertain||2|
|1844 Aug||1844 Sep||Confirmed||2||Historical Observations|
|1693 Jun 4||1693 Jul||Confirmed||4||Historical Observations|
|[ 1692 Jun 4 (?) ]||[ Unknown ]||Uncertain|
|1687 Jun 15||Unknown||Confirmed||3||Historical Observations|
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Seroea | Sorea | Legatala | Legetala | Legelala|
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|Wuarlapna, Gunung||Dome||641 m|
|The summit of Gunung Serua volcano is seen here from the village of Lesluru on its eastern flank. Serua, also known as Legatala, is elongated in a NW-SE direction and capped by a summit lava dome.
Photo courtesy of Volcanological Survey of Indonesia, 1978.
|Gunung Wuarlapna, viewed here from the SW, is a blocky lava dome that marks the 641-m-high summit of Gunung Serua volcano.
Photo by Ruska Hadian, 1975 (published in Kusumadinata, 1979 "Data Dasar Gunungapi Indonesia").
|The small 2 x 4 km island of Serua, seen here from off its southern coast, is the emergent summit of a volcano rising 3600 m above the Banda Sea floor. The 641-m-high truncated central cone is surrounded by an old somma wall. A lava dome forms the summit of Gunung Serua, which is elongated in a NE-SW direction. Serua, also known as Legatala, is one of the most active of the Banda Sea volcanoes, with many eruptions recorded since the 17th century.
Photo by Ruska Hadian, 1975 (published in Kusumadinata 1979, "Data Dasar Gununapi Indonesia").
|The small, 2 x 4 km island of Serua, seen here from the north, is elongated in a NE-SW direction. An unvegetated lava dome forms the summit of the volcano, which rises 3600 m above the Banda Sea floor. The 641-m-high truncated central cone is surrounded by an old somma wall. Serua, also known as Legatala, is one of the most active of the Banda Sea volcanoes, with many eruptions recorded since the 17th century.
Copyrighted photo by Michael Thirnbeck, 2007.
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
Jezek P A, Hutchison C S, 1978. Banda Arc of Eastern Indonesia: petrology and geochemistry of volcanic rocks. Bull Volc, 41: 586-608.
Kusumadinata K, 1979. Data Dasar Gunungapi Indonesia. Bandung: Volc Surv Indonesia, 820 p.
Neumann van Padang M, 1951. Indonesia. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 1: 1-271.
Sudradjat A, 1977. . (pers. comm.).
|Large Eruptions of Serua||Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).|
|WOVOdat||WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.|
|EarthChem||EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).|
|Smithsonian Collections||Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.|