Tarakan

Photo of this volcano
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  Google Earth Placemark
  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Pyroclastic cone(s)
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 1.83°N
  • 127.83°E

  • 318 m
    1043 ft

  • 268001
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Tarakan.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Tarakan.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Tarakan.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
268001

Unknown - Evidence Credible

318 m / 1043 ft

1.83°N
127.83°E

Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
18,056
23,570
85,055
360,761

Geological Summary

Two large cinder cones are located near the shore of Galela Bay NE of Dukono volcano. Tarakan Lamo and Tarakan Itji (large and small Tarakan) have well-formed summit craters 800 and 500 m in diameter and 160 and 125 m deep, respectively. The cinder cones lie between Galela Bay and Lake Galela, whose bottom lies below sea level. Supriatna (1980) mapped Tarakan as a basaltic volcano of Holocene age.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Gogarten E, 1918. Die Vulkane der Nordlichen Molukken. Zeit Vulk, 2: 1-298.

Supriatna S, 1980. Geologic map of Morotai quadrangle, north Maluku. Geol Res Devel Centre Indonesia, 1:250,000 scale map and 10 p text.

Verstappen H Th, 1964. Some volcanoes of Halmahera (Moluccas) and their geomorphological setting. Ned Aardr Gen, 81: 297-316.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Tarakan. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Tarakan page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Tarakan Itji Cone 205 m 1° 48' 0" N 127° 47' 0" E
Tarakan Lamo Cone 318 m 1° 47' 0" N 127° 47' 31" E

Photo Gallery


Two cinder cones with circular craters are located above the center of this NASA Landsat image of northern Halmahera Island (with north to the top). The cones lie between Galela Lake and Galela Bay (upper right), with the town of Galela on its shore. Tarakan Lamo (on the east side of the lake) and Tarakan Itji (to the NW of Tarakan Lamo) have well-formed summit craters 800 and 500 m in diameter and 160 and 125 m deep, respectively.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Tarakan Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.