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  • Indonesia
  • Indonesia
  • Stratovolcano
  • Unknown - Evidence Credible
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 0.9°N
  • 127.32°E

  • 630 m
    2066 ft

  • 268052
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Hiri.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Hiri.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Hiri.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



Unknown - Evidence Credible

630 m / 2066 ft


Volcano Types


Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Hiri, a small 3-km-wide forested island immediately north of Ternate Island, is the northernmost of a chain of volcanic islands off the western coast of Halmahera. The conical volcano rises to 630 m, but is dominated by its larger and higher neighbor to the south, historically active 1716-m-high Ternate volcano. Hiri has received less attention than Ternate, but Apandi and Sudana (1980) mapped Hiri as Holocene in age.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Apandi T, Sudana D, 1980. Geologic map of the Ternate quadrangle, north Maluku. Geol Res Devel Centre Indonesia, 1:250,000 scale map and 9 p text.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Morris J D, Jezek P A, Hart S R, Gill J B, 1983. The Halmahera Island arc, Molucca Sea collision zone, Indonesia: a geochemical survey. In: Hayes D E (ed) The Tectonic and Geologic Evolution of Southeast Asia Seas and Islands, part 2, {Amer Geophys Union, Geophys Monogr}, 27: 373-387.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Hiri. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Hiri page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Hiri.

Photo Gallery

Hiri (left-center), a small 3-km-wide forested island immediately north of Ternate Island (lower right), is the northernmost of a chain of volcanic islands off the western coast of Halmahera. North is to the upper left in this Space Shuttle image. Little is known of this volcano, although it was mapped as Holocene in age. In contrast to Hiri, the better-known Gamalama volcano that forms Ternate Island has been active during historical time, including a 1775 eruption from the small lake-filled maar visible on the NW coast of the island.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS050-99-95, 1992 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Hiri in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Hiri Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.