Balut

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 5.4°N
  • 125.375°E

  • 862 m
    2827 ft

  • 271010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Balut.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Balut.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Balut.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
271010

Unknown - Unrest / Holocene

862 m / 2827 ft

5.4°N
125.375°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
1,472
1,901
10,763
1,286,239

Geological Summary

Balut volcano, also known as Sanguil, occupies a small island in the Sarangani Island group south of the Batulaki Peninsula forming the southern tip of Mindanao Island. Hot springs and thermally altered ground are located on the west and SW flanks of the 862-m-high volcano, which rises about 1800 m above the sea floor. Reports in Mindanao of a major eruption in 1641 from an unknown volcano to the south, which caused darkness over much of Mindanao, were originally attributed to Balut volcano. Later work indicated that the source of the eruption was Parker volcano on southern Mindanao, about 80 km NW of Balut Island.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Balmes C P, 2000. The geochemistry of the Mt. Balut Island geothermal prospect, Davao del Sur, Philippines. Proc World Geotherm Cong 2000, Kyushu-Tohoku, Japan, May 28-June 10, 2000, p 959-964.

COMVOL, 1981. Catalogue of Philippine volcanoes and solfataric areas. Philippine Comm Volc, 87 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Neumann van Padang M, 1953. Philippine Islands and Cochin China. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 2: 1-49.

Newhall C G, 1996. (pers. comm.).

PHIVOLCS, 2004-. Volcanoes. http://www.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/Volcanolist/.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Balut. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Balut page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Sarangani | Serangani | Sanguil | Serangano | Sanguili

Thermal

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Palabuno Hot Spring Hot Spring

Photo Gallery


The Sarangani Islands lie about 20 km across Sarangani Strait from the Batulaki Peninsula (upper left), which forms the southern tip of Mindanao Island. Balut volcano, also known as Sanguil, occupies the lower island in this NASA Space Shuttle image (with north to the upper left). The 862-m-high volcano was once thought to be the source of a major eruption in 1641 AD that turned out to have been from Parker volcano, 80 km to the NW on Mindanao. The volcano displays hot springs and thermally altered ground on its flanks.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS099-704-41, 2000 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Balut Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.