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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 7.7°N
  • 124.5°E

  • 2815 m
    9233 ft

  • 271060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Ragang.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Ragang.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Ragang.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1873 CE

2815 m / 9233 ft


Volcano Types


Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Ragang volcano rises to 2815 m at the NE end of a series of young volcanic cones SE of Lake Lanao in central Mindanao. A 3-km-long lava flow extends to the SE from the deep summit crater. Ragang is the most frequently active volcano on the large southern Philippines island of Mindanao and is one of several dominantly basaltic volcanoes west of the cordillera in central Mindanao. Historical eruptions, many of which were at one time attributed to neighboring Makaturing volcano, have been recorded since 1765 and consist of moderate explosive activity from the summit crater.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

COMVOL, 1981. Catalogue of Philippine volcanoes and solfataric areas. Philippine Comm Volc, 87 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Neumann van Padang M, 1953. Philippine Islands and Cochin China. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 2: 1-49.

PHIVOLCS, 2004-. Volcanoes. http://www.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/Volcanolist/.

Sajona F G, Bellon H, Maury R C, Pubellier M, Cotten J, Rangin C, 1994. Magmatic response to abrupt changes in geodynamic settings: Pliocene-Quaternary calc-alkaline and Nb-enriched lavas from Mindanao, Philippines. Tectonophysics, 237: 47-72.

Sajona F G, Bellon H, Maury R C, Pubellier M, Querbral R D, Cotten J, Bayon F E, Pagado E, Pematian P, 1997. Tertiary and Quaternary magmatism in Mindanao and Leyte (Philippines): geochronology, geochemistry and tectonic setting. J Asian Earth Sci, 15: 121-153.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1916 Jul ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain    
[ 1915 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 2  
1873 Jan 16 1873 Apr Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1871 Dec 8 (in or before) Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1858 Feb 18 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1856 Nov 1 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1840 Jan 20 1840 Apr 5 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1834 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations
1765 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Palao Ragang | Sujut | Pollok | Siyut | Illano | Magasu

Photo Gallery

Ragang volcano (above and to the right of the center of this Space Shuttle image) rises to 2815 m in central Mindanao. Illana Bay lies to the SW at the lower left, and most of Lake Lanao can be seen at the upper left. Ragang is the most frequently active volcano on the large southern Philippines island of Mindanao. Historical eruptions, many of which were at one time attributed to neighboring Makaturing volcano, have been recorded since 1765. Makaturing and Latukan volcanoes are also visible to the SW of Ragang on this image.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS61A-40-71, 1985 (http://eol.jsc.nasa.gov/).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Ragang in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Ragang Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.