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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 9.203°N
  • 124.673°E

  • 1552 m
    5091 ft

  • 271080
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Camiguin.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Camiguin.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Camiguin.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1953 CE

1552 m / 5091 ft


Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)
Pyroclastic cone

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Oblate, 20-km-long Camiguin Island just off the coast of north-central Mindanao Island consists of four overlapping stratovolcanoes overlying older buried edifices. Mt. Mambajao forms the high point of Camiguin Island at 1552 m. It has a youthful morphology with summit and flank lava domes, one of which partially fills a crater breached to the NW, but has not had historical eruptions. The eroded stratovolcanoes of Mt. Butay and Mt. Ginsiliban form the SE tip of the island and lie at one end of the NNW-SSE trending line of vents cutting across the island. The Binone cinder cone lies along the SE coast. The youngest volcano, and the only historically active one, is Hibok-Hibok (also known as Catarman). It lies at the NW end of the island, about 6 km NW of Mt. Mambajao. This andesitic-to-rhyolitic volcano contains several lava domes, including Mt. Vulcan on its NW flank. Major eruptions during 1871-75 and 1948-53 formed flank lava domes at Hibok-Hibok and produced pyroclastic flows that devastated coastal villages.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Alcaraz A, Abad L F, Quema J C, 1952. Hibok-Hibok volcano, Philippine Islands, and activity since 1948. Volcano Lett, 516: 1-6 & 517: 1-4.

Castillo P R, Janney P E, Solidum R U, 1999. Petrology and geochemistry of Camiguin Island, southern Philippines: insights to the source of adakites and other lavas in a complex arc setting. Contr Mineral Petr, 134: 33-51.

Catane S G, Taniguchi H, Goto A, Givero A P, Mandanas A A, 2005. Explosive volcanism in the Philippines. CNEAS Monograph Ser, Tohoku Univ, 18: 1-146.

COMVOL, 1981. Catalogue of Philippine volcanoes and solfataric areas. Philippine Comm Volc, 87 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Macdonald G A, Alcaraz A, 1956. Nuees ardentes of the 1948-1953 eruption of Hibok-Hibok. Bull Volc, 18: 169-178.

Neumann van Padang M, 1953. Philippine Islands and Cochin China. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 2: 1-49.

PHIVOLCS, 2004-. Volcanoes.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1948 Sep 1 1953 Jul Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Upper NE flank of Hibok-Hibok
[ 1902 Jul 27 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
[ 1897 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
1871 Apr 30 1875 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Lower NW flank of Hibok-Hibok (Mt. Vulcan)
1862 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Hibok-Hibok
1827 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Hibok-Hibok

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.




Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Binone Pyroclastic cone
Butay, Mount Stratovolcano 679 m 9° 7' 0" N 124° 46' 0" E
Camiguin Tanda Stratovolcano
Ginsiliban, Mount
    Guinsiliban, Mount
Stratovolcano 581 m 9° 6' 0" N 124° 46' 0" E
Stratovolcano 1332 m 9° 12' 12" N 124° 40' 34" E
Stratovolcano 1552 m 9° 10' 0" N 124° 43' 0" E
Uhay, Mount Cone


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Campana Hill Dome 576 m 9° 12' 30" N 124° 43' 0" E
Carling Hill Dome 800 m 9° 13' 0" N 124° 40' 0" E
Minokol Hill Dome 802 m 9° 9' 0" N 124° 44' 30" E
Piyakong Hill Dome 600 m 9° 12' 0" N 124° 40' 0" E
Tibane Dome
Tres Marias Hills Dome 771 m 9° 12' 0" N 124° 42' 0" E
Vulcan, Mount
    Camiguin de Mindanao
    Camiguin de Misamis
    Camiguin del Sur
Dome 580 m 9° 13' 0" N 124° 39' 0" E

Photo Gallery

Camiguin Island, just off the coast of north-central Mindanao Island (lower right), consists of four overlapping stratovolcanoes. Cloud-covered Mt. Mambajao forms the high point of Camiguin Island at 1552 m. The youngest volcano, Hibok-Hibok (also known as Catarman), has been active during historical time and lies at the NW end of the island. Major eruptions during 1871-75 and 1948-53 formed flank lava domes at Hibok-Hibok and produced pyroclastic flows that devastated coastal villages.

NASA Landsat image, 2002 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).
Mt. Vulcan (left) and Hibok-Hibok (right) are two historically active lava domes on Camiguin Island. These two domes were active in the 19th and 20th centuries, with Mt. Vulcan forming in 1871. Several historical eruptions have occurred at Hibok-Hibok, the most recent from 1948 to 1953, when pyroclastic flows devastated island villages. The 20-km-long Camiguin Island lies just off the coast of north-central Mindanao Island and consists of four overlapping stratovolcanoes and flank lava domes.

Photo by Juny La Putt, 2002.
Mt. Vulcan, a lava dome on the NW flank of the Hibok-Hibok lava-dome complex, was formed during an eruption from 1871 to 1875. Following earthquakes beginning in January 1871, an explosion occurred on April 30 from a vent on the northwest flank near the coast, destroying an area of 3 km radius. Explosive activity continued for about a week, after which lava effusion began. Dome growth lasted for four years, producing by 1875 a dome about 1.6 km in diameter.

Photo by Juny La Putt, 2002.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Camiguin in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Camiguin Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.