Camiguin

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 9.203°N
  • 124.673°E

  • 1552 m
    5091 ft

  • 271080
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Camiguin.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Camiguin.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Camiguin.

Oblate, 20-km-long Camiguin Island just off the coast of north-central Mindanao Island consists of four overlapping stratovolcanoes overlying older buried edifices. Mt. Mambajao forms the high point of Camiguin Island at 1552 m. It has a youthful morphology with summit and flank lava domes, one of which partially fills a crater breached to the NW, but has not had historical eruptions. The eroded stratovolcanoes of Mt. Butay and Mt. Ginsiliban form the SE tip of the island and lie at one end of the NNW-SSE trending line of vents cutting across the island. The Binone cinder cone lies along the SE coast. The youngest volcano, and the only historically active one, is Hibok-Hibok (also known as Catarman). It lies at the NW end of the island, about 6 km NW of Mt. Mambajao. This andesitic-to-rhyolitic volcano contains several lava domes, including Mt. Vulcan on its NW flank. Major eruptions during 1871-75 and 1948-53 formed flank lava domes at Hibok-Hibok and produced pyroclastic flows that devastated coastal villages.

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1948 Sep 1 1953 Jul Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Upper NE flank of Hibok-Hibok
[ 1902 Jul 27 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
[ 1897 ] [ Unknown ] Discredited    
1871 Apr 30 1875 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Lower NW flank of Hibok-Hibok (Mt. Vulcan)
1862 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Hibok-Hibok
1827 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Hibok-Hibok

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Catarman

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Binone Pyroclastic cone
Butay, Mount Stratovolcano 679 m 9° 7' 0" N 124° 46' 0" E
Camiguin Tanda Stratovolcano
Ginsiliban, Mount
    Guinsiliban, Mount
Stratovolcano 581 m 9° 6' 0" N 124° 46' 0" E
Hibok-Hibok
    Catarman
Stratovolcano 1332 m 9° 12' 12" N 124° 40' 34" E
Mambajao
    Timpoong
Stratovolcano 1552 m 9° 10' 0" N 124° 43' 0" E
Uhay, Mount Cone

Domes

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Campana Hill Dome 576 m 9° 12' 30" N 124° 43' 0" E
Carling Hill Dome 800 m 9° 13' 0" N 124° 40' 0" E
Minokol Hill Dome 802 m 9° 9' 0" N 124° 44' 30" E
Piyakong Hill Dome 600 m 9° 12' 0" N 124° 40' 0" E
Tibane Dome
Tres Marias Hills Dome 771 m 9° 12' 0" N 124° 42' 0" E
Vulcan, Mount
    Camiguin de Mindanao
    Camiguin de Misamis
    Camiguin del Sur
Dome 580 m 9° 13' 0" N 124° 39' 0" E
Camiguin Island, just off the coast of north-central Mindanao Island (lower right), consists of four overlapping stratovolcanoes. Cloud-covered Mt. Mambajao forms the high point of Camiguin Island at 1552 m. The youngest volcano, Hibok-Hibok (also known as Catarman), has been active during historical time and lies at the NW end of the island. Major eruptions during 1871-75 and 1948-53 formed flank lava domes at Hibok-Hibok and produced pyroclastic flows that devastated coastal villages.

NASA Landsat image, 2002 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).
Mt. Vulcan (left) and Hibok-Hibok (right) are two historically active lava domes on Camiguin Island. These two domes were active in the 19th and 20th centuries, with Mt. Vulcan forming in 1871. Several historical eruptions have occurred at Hibok-Hibok, the most recent from 1948 to 1953, when pyroclastic flows devastated island villages. The 20-km-long Camiguin Island lies just off the coast of north-central Mindanao Island and consists of four overlapping stratovolcanoes and flank lava domes.

Photo by Juny La Putt, 2002.
Mt. Vulcan, a lava dome on the NW flank of the Hibok-Hibok lava-dome complex, was formed during an eruption from 1871 to 1875. Following earthquakes beginning in January 1871, an explosion occurred on April 30 from a vent on the northwest flank near the coast, destroying an area of 3 km radius. Explosive activity continued for about a week, after which lava effusion began. Dome growth lasted for four years, producing by 1875 a dome about 1.6 km in diameter.

Photo by Juny La Putt, 2002.

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Alcaraz A, Abad L F, Quema J C, 1952. Hibok-Hibok volcano, Philippine Islands, and activity since 1948. Volcano Lett, 516: 1-6 & 517: 1-4.

Castillo P R, Janney P E, Solidum R U, 1999. Petrology and geochemistry of Camiguin Island, southern Philippines: insights to the source of adakites and other lavas in a complex arc setting. Contr Mineral Petr, 134: 33-51.

Catane S G, Taniguchi H, Goto A, Givero A P, Mandanas A A, 2005. Explosive volcanism in the Philippines. CNEAS Monograph Ser, Tohoku Univ, 18: 1-146.

COMVOL, 1981. Catalogue of Philippine volcanoes and solfataric areas. Philippine Comm Volc, 87 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Macdonald G A, Alcaraz A, 1956. Nuees ardentes of the 1948-1953 eruption of Hibok-Hibok. Bull Volc, 18: 169-178.

Neumann van Padang M, 1953. Philippine Islands and Cochin China. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 2: 1-49.

PHIVOLCS, 2004-. Volcanoes. http://www.phivolcs.dost.gov.ph/Volcanolist/.

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano(es)
Lava dome(s)
Pyroclastic cone

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Dacite
Minor
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Rhyolite

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
12,173
51,587
92,178
2,871,353

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Camiguin Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.