Paco

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 9.593°N
  • 125.52°E

  • 524 m
    1719 ft

  • 271090
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Paco.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Paco.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Paco.

Located at the NE tip of Mindanao, Paco (also known as Manlayao) is truncated by two nested calderas, 2.5 and 5 km in diameter. The basaltic-dacitic volcano is located east of the N-S-trending Philippine Fault that cuts across eastern Mindanao. Andesitic lava domes rim a breached crater, and the youngest dated rock is an overlying basaltic lava flow dated at about 90,000 yrs +/- 40,000 yrs BP. Legends record a major caldera collapse eruption (Wolfe 1982, pers. comm.). The age of the last eruption is not known, although the volcano currently displays fumarolic activity.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Paco. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Paco page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.



Synonyms
Manlayao


Craters
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Kapayahan Crater
Mahokdum Crater


Domes
Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Binga Dome
Buhangin Dome 664 m
Magsuyuan Dome
Maragong-Ong Dome 356 m
Masipelid Dome
Miniayao Dome 664 m
Paliron Dome 452 m
Paco volcano (also known as Manlayao) occupies the large peninsula forming the NE tip of Mindanao, north of Lake Mainit (bottom). The volcano is truncated by two nested calderas, 2.5 and 5 km in diameter and is located east of the N-S-trending Philippine Fault that cuts across eastern Mindanao and defines the western shoreline of the peninsula in this Landsat image. Legends record a major caldera collapse eruption, although the age of the last eruption is not known.

NASA Landsat image, 1999 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

COMVOL, 1981. Catalogue of Philippine volcanoes and solfataric areas. Philippine Comm Volc, 87 p.

Delfin F G Jr, Newhall C G, Martinez M L, Salonga N D, Bayon F E B, Trimble D, Solidum R, 1997. Geological, 14C, and historical evidence for a 17th century eruption of Parker volcano, Mindanao, Philippines. J Geol Soc Philippines, 52: 25-42.

Sajona F G, Bellon H, Maury R C, Pubellier M, Querbral R D, Cotten J, Bayon F E, Pagado E, Pematian P, 1997. Tertiary and Quaternary magmatism in Mindanao and Leyte (Philippines): geochronology, geochemistry and tectonic setting. J Asian Earth Sci, 15: 121-153.

Wolfe J A, 1982. . (pers. comm.).

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Caldera(s)
Lava dome(s)

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Dacite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
7,793
79,870
311,625
1,869,793

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Paco Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.