Banahaw

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 14.07°N
  • 121.48°E

  • 2158 m
    7078 ft

  • 273050
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Banahaw.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Banahaw.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Banahaw.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1909 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Banáhao
[ 1843 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Banáhao
[ 1743 (?) ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Banáhao
[ 1730 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Banáhao

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


Mount Banáhao (Banahaw) is the highest of a group of volcanoes south and east of Manila. The 2158-m-high Banáhao is flanked by San Cristóbal to the west and Banáhao de Lucban on the east. This view from the SW shows a valley descending from the summit of Banáhao that was formed or deepened by the outbreak of a crater lake in 1730. Collapse of Banahao produced two major debris avalanches. The largest traveled 26 km SE to the sea, where it forms a 10 km section of Tayabas Bay coastline.

Photo by Chris Newhall, 1989 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
The large 2-km-wide, 600-m-deep depression cutting the SSW flank of 2158-m-high Banáhao contained a crater lake until 1730, when it drained, forming mudflows. Banáhao is flanked by San Cristobal volcano (far left-center) on the west and on the NE by Banáhao de Lucban, the forested symmetrical stratovolcano above and to the right of Banáhao. Andesitic-to-dacitic lava domes occur on the flanks of Banáhao and San Cristobal.

NASA Landsat image, 2002 (courtesy of Hawaii Synergy Project, Univ. of Hawaii Institute of Geophysics & Planetology).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


There are no samples for Banahaw in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites