Camiguin de Babuyanes

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 18.83°N
  • 121.86°E

  • 712 m
    2335 ft

  • 274010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Camiguin de Babuyanes.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Camiguin de Babuyanes.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Camiguin de Babuyanes.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1857 CE

712 m / 2335 ft


Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Crustal thickness unknown


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Forested 712-m-high Mount Camiguin occupies the SW tip of 22-km-long Camiguin Island in the Babuyan archipelago, north of Luzon Island. Following construction of an andesitic volcano during the Pliocene, the subsidiary cones of Minabul to the north and Caanoan to the east were constructed on the northern part of the island. The southern part of the island consists of three volcanic centers located along a SSE-NNW line, the andesitic Mount Camiguin stratovolcano and the young andesitic lava domes of Mt. Malabsing and Pamoctan. A phreatic eruption, possibly in part submarine, was reported from Camiguin de Babuyanes around 1857. Fumaroles are found on the SW, west, and east flanks of the volcano, and a boiling spring is located near sea level on the western flank of the volcano.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

COMVOL, 1981. Catalogue of Philippine volcanoes and solfataric areas. Philippine Comm Volc, 87 p.

Defant M J, Jacques D, Maury R C, de Boer J, Joron J-L, 1989. Geochemistry and tectonic setting of the Luzon arc, Philippines. Geol Soc Amer Bull, 101: 663-672.

Defant M J, Maury R C, Joron J, Feigenson M D, Leterrier J, Bellon H, Jacques D, Richard M, 1990. The geochemistry and tectonic setting of the northern section of the Luzon arc (the Philippines and Taiwan). Tectonophysics, 183: 187-205.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Neumann van Padang M, 1953. Philippine Islands and Cochin China. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 2: 1-49.

PHIVOLCS, 2004-. Volcanoes.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1857 (in or before) Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations SW flank

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Dakelabai | Dakelabalai


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Caanoan Cone
Camiguin, Mount Stratovolcano
Minabul Cone


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Malabsing, Mount Dome
Pamoctan Dome

Photo Gallery

Camiguin de Babuyanes volcano (lower left), the youngest on Camiguin Island, occupies the SW tip of the 22-km-long island in the Babuyan archipelago, north of Luzon Island. The forested, 712-m-high Camiguin stratovolcano, along with the cones of Minabul to the north and Caanoan to the east, was constructed during the mid Pleistocene along a NE-SW fracture zone. A phreatic eruption, possibly in part submarine, was reported from Camiguin de Babuyanes in about 1857.

NASA Space Shuttle image STS55-92-5, 1993 (

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Camiguin de Babuyanes in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Camiguin de Babuyanes Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.