Hainan Dao

Photo of this volcano
Google Earth icon
  Google Earth Placemark
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 19.7°N
  • 110.1°E

  • Unknown

  • 275001
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Hainan Dao.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Hainan Dao.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Hainan Dao.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1933 CE

Unknown /  


Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Hainan Dao volcanic field consists of a group of 58 Pleistocene-Holocene tholeiitic cones that are part of the Qionglei volcano group, also known as the Leiqiong volcanic field. The field covers about 4100 sq km of the northern part of Hainan Island (also known as Qiong), across the Qiongzhou strait south of the Leizhou (Liuchow) Peninsula. The Hainan Dao volcano field is of Pleistocene-Holocene age, but historical eruptions were reported in the Lingao and Chengmai areas in the 19th and 20th centuries. Leihuling and Maanshan, two of the best preserved volcanic cones, are oriented along an E-W fracture and are part of a cluster of about 30 cones in the Shishan and Yongzing regions.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Chen S (ed), 1986. Atlas of Geo-Science, Analysis of Landsat Imagery in China. Beijing: Chinese Acad Sci Press, 228 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Latter J H, 1986. (pers. comm.).

Liu J, Taniguchi H, 2001. Active volcanoes in China. Tohoku Asian Studies, 6: 173-189.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. (pers. comm.).

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. A survey of Cenozoic volcanism on mainland Asia. Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 213: 1-74.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1933 Jun 26 ± 4 days 1933 Jul 8 (in or after) Confirmed   Historical Observations Nansheling ridge
1883 Unknown Confirmed   Historical Observations Lingao

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.




Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Gaoshanling Pyroclastic cone
Huangzo Pyroclastic cone
Leihufeng Pyroclastic cone
Leihuling Pyroclastic cone
Longlang Pyroclastic cone
Maanling Pyroclastic cone
Maanshan Pyroclastic cone
Yiongxing Pyroclastic cone

Photo Gallery

The Hainan Dao volcanic field (center) stretches across the northern part of Hainan Island. It covers about 3600 sq km of the northern part of the island (also known as Qiong Island), across the Qiongzhou strait from the Leizhou Peninsula (top-center). The Hainan Dao volcano field is of Pleistocene-Holocene age, but historical eruptions were reported in the Lingao and Chengmai areas.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Hainan Dao in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Hainan Dao Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.