Leizhou Bandao

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 20.78°N
  • 110.17°E

  • 259 m
    850 ft

  • 275010
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Leizhou Bandao.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Leizhou Bandao.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Leizhou Bandao.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
275010

Unknown - Evidence Credible

259 m / 850 ft

20.78°N
110.17°E

Volcano Types

Volcanic field

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Trachybasalt / Tephrite Basanite

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
3,230,167
3,230,167
3,230,167
7,659,339

Geological Summary

The Leizhou Bandao volcanic field is a group of Pliocene-Holocene basaltic cones on the Leizhou (Liuchow) Peninsula in SE China, across the Qiongzhou strait north of Hainan Dao Island. Leizhou Bandao is the northern part of the Qionglei volcano group (also known as the Leiqiong volcanic field), a 7300 sq km basaltic-to-basanitic plateau that covers the southern Leizhou (Liuchow) Peninsula and extends across a broad area of northern Hainan Dao. Volcanism on the peninsula was controlled by E-W-trending extension related to the opening of the South China Sea Basin. Yingfengling and Tianyang are Pleistocene stratovolcanoes that contain large amounts of mantle xenoliths. Much of the southern part of the penisula is formed by Pleistocene-Holocene volcanic cones, but another area of Pleistocene-Holocene volcanism lies at the the northern end of the peninsula, west of Zhanjiang City.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Chen S (ed), 1986. Atlas of Geo-Science, Analysis of Landsat Imagery in China. Beijing: Chinese Acad Sci Press, 228 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Latter J H, 1985. (pers. comm.).

Liu J, Taniguchi H, 2001. Active volcanoes in China. Tohoku Asian Studies, 6: 173-189.

Wei H, Sparks R S J, Liu R, Fan Q, Wang Y, Hong H, Zhang H, Chen H, Jiang C, Dong J, Zheng Y, Pan Y, 2003. Three active volcanoes in China and their hazards. J Asian Earth Sci, 21: 515-526.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. (pers. comm.).

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. A survey of Cenozoic volcanism on mainland Asia. Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 213: 1-74.

Yu J-H, O'Reilly S Y, Griffin W L, Xu X, Zhang M, Zhou X, 2003. The thermal state and composition of the lithospheric mantle beneath the Leizhou Peninsula, South China. J Volc Geotherm Res, 122: 165-189.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Leizhou Bandao. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Leizhou Bandao page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Shandun | Liuchow Peninsula

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Jiyunling Cone
Lingshi Cone
Luogangling Cone 233 m
Mazhang Cone
Nanxing Cone
Qixingling Cone
Shiwanshan Cone
Shiyinling Cone 259 m
Tiangyang Stratovolcano
Yingfengling Stratovolcano
Zhanjiang Cone - Crater

Photo Gallery


The Leizhou Bandao volcanic field covers much of the southern (orange-brown colored) part of the Leizhou Peninsula, across the Qiongzhou strait north of Hainan Dao Island (bottom). Leizhou Bandao is the northern part of the Qionglei volcano group, a 7300 sq km basaltic-to-basanitic plateau that covers the southern Leizhou (Liuchow) Peninsula and extends across a broad area of northern Hainan Dao. Another area of Pleistocene-Holocene volcanism lies at the greenish area at the northern end of the peninsula, west of Zhanjiang City.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Leizhou Bandao Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.