Ile des Cendres

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 10.158°N
  • 109.014°E

  • -20 m
    -66 ft

  • 275060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Ile des Cendres.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Ile des Cendres.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Ile des Cendres.

Volcano Types


Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Ile des Cendres group of submarine volcanoes off the SE coast of Vietnam consists of two submarine cinder cones that formed ephemeral islands during an eruption in 1923 and two submarine lava cones of uncertain age. The 1923 eruption produced two small islands, one about 30 m high and about 450 m long, and the other only 30 m wide and 30 cm high. A third submarine cone reached to within 20 m of the surface. Additional submarine cones occur between Ile des Cendres and the Vietnam mainland (Bondarenko and Nadezhnyi, 1989).

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1923 Mar 2 1923 May 13 Confirmed 2 Historical Observations

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Ile des Cendres.

The Global Volcanism Program has no photographs available for Ile des Cendres.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Bondarenko V I, Nadezhnyi A M, 1985. Main structural features and morphology of the volcanic zone and individual submarine volcanoes in the vicinity of the Catwic-Phu Quy islands on the Vietnamese shelf as revealed by continuous seismic profiling data. Volc Seism, 1985(5): 34-43 (English translation 1989, 7: 701-716).

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Markov Y D, 1994. Recent sedimentogenesis on the Ile des Cendres volcanoes and adjacent shelf, South China Sea. Volc Seism, 15: 565-578 (English translation).

Neumann van Padang M, 1953. Philippine Islands and Cochin China. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 2: 1-49.

Patte E, 1925. Etude de l'Ile des Cendres, volcan apparu au large de la Cote d'Annam. Bull Serv Geol Indochina, 13: 5-19.

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Ile des Cendres Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.