Popa

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 20.92°N
  • 95.25°E

  • 1518 m
    4979 ft

  • 275080
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Popa.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Popa.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Popa.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
275080

442 BCE

1518 m / 4979 ft

20.92°N
95.25°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano
Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Trachyandesite / Basaltic trachy-andesite
Dacite

Tectonic Setting

Intraplate
Continental crust (> 25 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
1,108
22,922
452,931
5,923,206

Geological Summary

Mount Popa, in central Burma (Myanmar), is a large, steep-sided composite cone that rises 1150 m above a surrounding lava plateau to a height of 1518 m. The main edifice consists of overlapping basaltic and basaltic-andesite lava flows, pyroclastic deposits, and scoriaceous material originating from strombolian eruptions that may have dominated later stages of the volcano's growth. Mount Popa contains a 1.6-km-wide, 850-m-deep horseshoe-shaped caldera that is widely breached to the NW and formed as a result of slope failure. A 3 cu km debris-avalanche deposit covers an area of 27 sq km north of the breach. Local legends describe an eruption in 442 BCE (Stephenson and Marshall, 1984).

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Stephenson D, Marshall T R, 1984. The petrology and mineralogy of Mt. Popa volcano and the nature of the late-Cenozoic Burma volcanic area. J Geol Soc London, 141: 747-762.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. A survey of Cenozoic volcanism on mainland Asia. Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 213: 1-74.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0442 BCE Unknown Confirmed   Anthropology

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Taunggala Cone 737 m 20° 54' 0" N 95° 12' 0" E

Photo Gallery


This renowned volcanic plug is the focus of the town of Popa at the western foot of Mount Popa volcano. The hornblende-andesitic plug, which itself is known as Mount Popa, is crowned by a major Buddhism-Animism temple complex that is reached by a covered walkway seen at the lower right base of the plug. Grottos cut into the plug contains a series of religious tableaus.

Photo by Sorena Sorensen, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).
Mount Popa, in central Myanmar (Burma), is a large, steep-sided composite cone that rises 1150 m above the surrounding plain. Seen here from the town of Popa on the western flank of the volcano, the summit of the volcano forms the back headwall of a large horseshoe-shaped caldera produced by collapse of the edifice. This 1.6-km-wide, 850-m-deep caldera is breached to the NW, in the direction of the ridge on the left horizon. A 3 cu km debris-avalanche deposit covers an area of 27 sq km north of the breach.

Photo by Sorena Sorensen, 2000 (Smithsonian Institution).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Popa Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.