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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 25.23°N
  • 98.5°E

  • 2865 m
    9397 ft

  • 275110
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Tengchong.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Tengchong.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Tengchong.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



5750 BCE

2865 m / 9397 ft


Volcano Types

Pyroclastic cone(s)

Rock Types

Basalt / Picro-Basalt
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Tengchong volcanic district, located in southern China near the border with Burma (Myanmar), was active during five periods ranging from the early Pliocene to the Holocene. Three main stages prroduced Pliocene to mid-Pleistocene basaltic rocks, mid- to late-Pleistocene silicic pyroclastic rocks, and Holocene basaltic andesites. The youngest volcanism in the 600 sq km volcanic field occurred in two stages during the early and late Holocene. Volcanic cones at the northern end of the field are sparsely vegetated and have clearly visible lava flows. Three basaltic-andesite centers, Dayinshshan, Maanshan, and possibly Heikongshan, are of Holocene age. An unconfirmed explosive eruption took place in 1609, and there are unconfirmed reports of eruptions in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911). The Tengchong district is the site of active geothermal fields, the largest and highest temperature of which is the Rehai geothermal field. More than 20 hydrothermal eruptions have occurred at the Rehai geothermal field since 1993.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Chen S (ed), 1986. Atlas of Geo-Science, Analysis of Landsat Imagery in China. Beijing: Chinese Acad Sci Press, 228 p.

Du J, Liu C, Fu B, Ninomiya Y, Zhang Y, Wang C, Wang H, Sun Z, 2005. Variations of geothermometry and chemical-isotopic compositions of hot spring fluids in the Rehai geothermal field, southwestern China. J Volc Geotherm Res, 142: 243-261.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Wang F, Peng Z, Chen W, Wang Z, Yang J, Zhang Z, Hu T, 2000. High-precision thermal ionization mass spectrometry dating of young volcanic rocks by using U-series method. Chinese Sci Bull, 45: 83-87.

Wang F, Peng Z, Zhu R, He H, Yang L, 2006. Petrogenesis and magma residence time of lavas from Tengchong volcanic field (China): evidence from U series disequilibria and 40Ar/39Ar dating. Geochem Geophys Geosyst, 7, doi:10.1029/2005GC001023.

Wei H, Sparks R S J, Liu R, Fan Q, Wang Y, Hong H, Zhang H, Chen H, Jiang C, Dong J, Zheng Y, Pan Y, 2003. Three active volcanoes in China and their hazards. J Asian Earth Sci, 21: 515-526.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. A survey of Cenozoic volcanism on mainland Asia. Geol Soc Amer Spec Pap, 213: 1-74.

Whitford-Stark J L, 1987. (pers. comm.).

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1609 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain     Dayingshan or Heikongshan
5750 BCE ± 1000 years Unknown Confirmed   Uranium-series

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Teng-yueh | Tenchun | Kung-po | Gungpo | Chun-po


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Bangeshan Cone
Caopo Cone
Changpo Cone
Chengzilou Cone
Dagongjie Cone
Dakongshan Cone
Daliuchong Cone
Stratovolcano 25° 8' 0" N 98° 27' 0" E
Dongdapotou Cone
Gaozhi Cone
Heikongshan Cone
Heikongshan Pyroclastic cone 25° 14' 0" N 98° 30' 0" E
Huapo Cone
Jiaoshan Cone
Laifengshan Cone
Laoguipo Cone
Longhushan Cone
Longhuxiaoshan Cone
Longtan Cone
Pyroclastic cone 25° 1' 0" N 98° 26' 0" E
Tiantishan Cone
Tieguoshan Cone
Tuanshan Cone
Xiaokongshan Cone
Xiaoliuchong Cone
Xiaomipo Cone
Xiaotuanshan Cone
Xiayiluo Cone
Yawushan Cone
Yujiadashan Cone


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Rehai Thermal

Photo Gallery

This false-color satellite photo shows young cinder cones and associated lava flows of the Tengchong volcanic field in southern China, near the Myanmar (Burma) border. Volcanism in the 600 sq km volcanic field has continued from the early Pliocene into historical time. The youngest cones are in the northern part of the field, where an eruption took place in 1609 AD.

Landsat photo by NASA (EOSAT).
Two of the many cinder cones of the Tengchong volcanic district rise above cultivated lands in southern China near the border of Myanmar (Burma). The Tengchong volcanic field was active during five periods ranging from the early Pliocene to the Holocene. The youngest volcanism in the 600 sq km volcanic field occurred in two stages during the early and late Holocene. An explosive eruption took place at the northern cone of Dayingshan in 1609. The Tengchong district is the site of active geothermal fields.

Photo by Liu Xiang, 1995 (Changchun University).
A geologists stands at the rim of a crater in the Tengchong volcanic field, with Ailuo Mountain in the background to the west. The youngest eruptions from the Tengchong field, which surrounds the city of Tengchong, produced olivine basalts and basaltic andesites.

Photo by Liu Xiang, 1995 (Changchun University).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Tengchong in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Tengchong Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.