Tatun Group

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 25.17°N
  • 121.52°E

  • 1120 m
    3674 ft

  • 281032
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Tatun Group.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Tatun Group.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Tatun Group.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



648 CE

1120 m / 3674 ft


Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)
Tuff cone
Tuff ring

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The Tatun (Datun) volcano group consists predominately of a series of andesitic lava domes in the northernmost part of Taiwan. About 20 volcanoes, the southernmost of which is only 15 km N of the capital city of Taipei, are included in the Tatun group, which was constructed along E-W and NE-SW trending ridges. The highest and youngest volcano is the 1120-m-high Cising (Chisingshan) lava dome. Several magmatic eruptions took place in the group about 23,000 to 13,000 years ago, and a phreatic eruption associated with collapse of the lava dome, possibly closely following lava effusion, took place about 6000 years ago. Hot springs, fumaroles, and solfataras are found over wide areas along a zone parallel to the SW-NE-trending Chinshan fault and extending to the NE coast of Taiwan, and extensive geothermal exploration has occurred at the Daiton geothermal area.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Belousov A, Belousova M, Chen C, 2010. Recent eruptive history of the Tatun volcanic group, Northern Taiwan: hazard-related issues. J Volc Geotherm Res, 191: 205-221.

Chen C, 1978. Petrochemistry and origin of Pleistocene volcanic rocks from northern Taiwan. Bull Volc, 41: 513-528.

Chen C H, Lin S B, 2002. Eruptions younger than 20 ka of the Tatun volcano group as viewed from the sediments of the Sungshan Formation in Taipei Basin.. West Pac Earth Sci, 2: 191-204.

Chen S (ed), 1986. Atlas of Geo-Science, Analysis of Landsat Imagery in China. Beijing: Chinese Acad Sci Press, 228 p.

Ho C S, 1988. An introduction to the geology of Taiwan; explanatory text of the geologic map of Taiwan. Taipei: Central Geol Surv, Ministry Economic Affairs, 192 p.

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Katsui Y (ed), 1971. List of the World Active Volcanoes. Volc Soc Japan draft ms, (limited circulation), 160 p.

Konstantinou K I, Lin C H, Liang W T, 2007. Seismicity characteristics of a potentially active Quaternary volcano: the Tatun volcano group, northern Taiwan. J Volc Geotherm Res, 160: 300-318.

Lan T F, Yang T F, Lee H-F, Chen Y-G, Chen C-H, Song S-R, Tsao S, 2007. Compositions and flux of soils in Liu-Huang-Ku hydrothermal area, northern Taiwan. J Volc Geotherm Res, 165: 27-45.

Lee H-F, Yang T F, Lan T F, Chen C-H, Song S-R, Tsao S, 2008. Temporal variations of gas compositions of fumaroles in the Tatun volcano group, northern Taiwan. J Volc Geotherm Res, 178: 624-635.

Zellmer G F, Rubin K H, Miller C A, Shellnut J G, Belousov A, Belousova M, 2015. Resolving discordant U-Th-Ra ages: constraints on petrogenetic processes of recent effusive eruptions at Tatun Volcano Group, northern Taiwan. in Caricchi L, and Blundy J D (eds.), {Chemical, Physical and Temporal Evolution of Magmatic Systems}, Geologicla Society, London, Special Publications, 422. http://dx.doi.org/10.1144/SP422.3

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0648 (after) ± 11 years Unknown Confirmed 0 Uranium-series Shamao
4095 BCE ± 35 years Unknown Confirmed 1 Radiocarbon (corrected) Cisingshan

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Datun Volcano Group | Ta-tung


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Hunglushan Tuff cone
Siaoyoukeng Tuff ring


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Cigushan Dome
Dome 1120 m
Dajianhoushan Dome 822 m
Dajianshan Dome
Datunshan Dome 1080 m
Erpingdingshan Dome
Huangzueishan Dome
Kuanyinshan Dome 615 m
Laigongkenshan Dome 654 m
Miantianshan Dome 977 m
Nandatunshan Dome 977 m
Shamao Dome
Siangtianshan Dome
Siaoguanyinshan Dome
Zhuzishan Dome


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ba-yan Thermal
Daiton Geothermal Area Thermal
Da-pu Thermal
Da-you-keng Thermal
Geng-zi-ping Thermal
Leng-shuei-keng Thermal
Liou-huang-ku Thermal
Long-fong-ku Thermal
Ma-tsao Thermal
She-huang-ping Thermal
Siao-you-keng Thermal
Ti-re-ku Thermal

Photo Gallery

The Tatun (Datun) volcano group forms the northernmost part of Taiwan, north of the capital city of Taipei (lower left). About 20 andesitic lava domes are included in the Tatun group. The two small narrow peninsulas west of the top center of this NASA Landsat image mosaic (with north to the top) are formed by lava flows from the Tatun group. The latest eruptions in the group are of late Pleistocene and mid-Holocene age, but hot springs, fumaroles, and solfataras are found over wide areas, and extensive geothermal exploration has occurred.

NASA Landsat7 image (worldwind.arc.nasa.gov)
Lava domes of the Tatun (Datun) volcano group rises to the NE beyond Taipei, the capital city of Taiwan. About 20 andesitic lava domes are included in the Tatun group. The latest eruptions in the group are of late Pleistocene and mid-Holocene age. Hot springs, fumaroles, and solfataras are found over wide areas, and extensive geothermal exploration has occurred.

Photo by Alexander Belousov, 2008 (Institute of Volcanology, Kliuchi).
A phreatic eruption from a fissure on the west side of Cisingshan lava dome, seen from the west, took place at the time of the Cisingshan debris avalanche about 6000 years ago. The fissures contain small funnel-shaped craters that were the sources of explosive breccias several hundred meters wide and several meters thick that were considered to possibly be related to lithostatic unloading of the youngest lava flows of Cisingshan, which may have occurred only a few years before the collapse.

Photo by Alexander Belousov, 2008 (Institute of Volcanology, Kliuchi).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 6 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections. Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description
NMNH 117182-1 Altered andesite
NMNH 117182-2 Hornblende dacite
NMNH 117182-3 Plagioclase andesite
NMNH 117182-4 Plagioclase andesite with hornblende and pyroxene
NMNH 117182-5 Olivine andesite
NMNH 117182-6 Olivine andesite

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Tatun Group Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.