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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 29.859°N
  • 129.857°E

  • 979 m
    3211 ft

  • 282040
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Nakanoshima.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Nakanoshima.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Nakanoshima.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1914 CE

979 m / 3211 ft


Volcano Types


Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

The 9 x 5 km island of Nakanoshima is surrounded by coral reefs. A flat plateau separates the older dissected Sakiwaridake volcano on the south from the active andesitic cone of Ontake, which forms the northern half of the island. Ontake contains a summit crater that is filled with water during the rainy season. Sulfur deposits were mined at a SE-flank solfatara until 1944. Only very minor activity has been reported in historical time. A small mud eruption took place in 1914 at the summit crater, and "smoking" increased in 1949.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Japan Meteorological Agency, 1975. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan. Tokyo: Japan Meteorological Agency, 119 p (in Japanese).

Japan Meteorological Agency, 1996. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (second edition). Tokyo: Japan Meteorological Agency, 502 p (in Japanese).

Japan Meteorological Agency, 2013. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (fourth edition, English version). Japan Meteorological Agency.

Kuno H, 1962. Japan, Taiwan and Marianas. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 11: 1-332.

Nakano S, Yamamoto T, Iwaya T, Itoh J, Takada A, 2001-. Quaternary Volcanoes of Japan. Geol Surv Japan, AIST,

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1949 Oct ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 1   On-take
1914 Jan Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations On-take

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Nakano-sima | Nakano-shima


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ontake Stratovolcano 979 m 29° 51' 33" N 129° 51' 25" E
Sakiwaridake Stratovolcano 29° 50' 0" N 129° 54' 0" E

Photo Gallery

The 9-km-long island of Nakano-shima is seen in an aerial perspective from the SE in this computer-generated graphic image. On-take, the 980-m-high peak at the far end of the island, is the historically active volcano of Nakano-shima. The southern part of the island consists of an older dissected volcano primarily composed of pyroclastic rocks. Kuchino-shima (upper right) lies NE of Nakano-shima.

Photo courtesy of Bird's-Eye Japan (
Nakano-shima island is seen here from a beach on Kuchino-shima to the NNE. The active andesitic cone on On-take, with a summit crater that fills with water during the rainy season, forms the conical peak at the right. The 9 x 5 km island of Nakano-shima is surrounded by coral reefs. A flat plateau separates an older dissected volcano on the south from On-take. Only very minor activity has been reported in historical time.

Copyrighted photo by Shun Nakano, 2005 (Japanese Quaternary Volcanoes database, RIODB, and Geol Surv Japan, AIST,

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Nakanoshima in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Nakanoshima Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.