Kuchinoshima

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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 29.968°N
  • 129.926°E

  • 628 m
    2060 ft

  • 282043
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kuchinoshima.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kuchinoshima.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kuchinoshima.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption

Elevation

Latitude
Longitude
282043

1190 CE

628 m / 2060 ft

29.968°N
129.926°E

Volcano Types

Stratovolcano(es)
Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Major
Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Oceanic crust (< 15 km)

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
93
101
291
11,002

Geological Summary

Kuchinoshima, lying in the northern Ryukyu Islands between the volcanic islands of Nakanoshima and Kuchinoerabujima, consists of two andesitic stratovolcanoes and a NW-SE-trending chain of lava domes. Two small villages, Nishinohama and Kuchinoshima, lie at the northern end of the mostly uninhabited island. The compound 628-m-high Maedake lava dome, forming the highest point on the 3 x 7 km wide island, was constructed east of the summit of 501-m-high Yokodake stratovolcano. The last magmatic eruption took place about 1200-1300 years ago.

References

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Hayakawa Y, 1996. (pers. comm.).

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Japan Association Quaternary Research, 1987. Quaternary Maps of Japan: Landforms, Geology, and Tectonics. Tokyo: Univ Tokyo Press.

Japan Meteorological Agency, 2013. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (fourth edition, English version). Japan Meteorological Agency.

Kudo T, Hoshizumi H, 2006-. Catalog of eruptive events within the last 10,000 years in Japan, database of Japanese active volcanoes. Geol Surv Japan, AIST, http://riodb02.ibase.aist.go.jp/db099/eruption/index.html.

Nakano S, Yamamoto T, Iwaya T, Itoh J, Takada A, 2001-. Quaternary Volcanoes of Japan. Geol Surv Japan, AIST, http://www.aist.go.jp/RIODB/strata/VOL_JP/.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1190 ± 40 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
0750 ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
0900 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (uncorrected)
6750 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected) Yoko-dake, Mae-dake

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Synonyms

Kutino-sima | Kuchino-shima

Cones

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Furiidake Stratovolcano
Tanagiyama Stratovolcano
Ueurayama Stratovolcano
Yokodake
    Yoko-dake
Stratovolcano 501 m 29° 57' 43" N 129° 55' 12" E

Craters

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Ogochi Caldera

Domes

Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Hikisue Dome
Kamakurazaki Dome
Kitayokodake Dome
Maedake
    Mae-dake
Dome 628 m 29° 58' 5" N 129° 55' 32" E
Minamiyokodake Dome
Moedake Dome
Otoshinodaira Dome
Seranma Dome

Photo Gallery


Kuchino-shima, the small island at the upper right, lies in the northern Ryukyu Islands between the islands of Nakano-shima (left) and Kuchinoerabu-jima. The 3 x 7 km wide island of Kuchino-shima, seen in an aerial perspective from the SE in this computer-generated graphic image, consists of two stratovolcanoes and a NW-SE-trending chain of lava domes. The highest point on the island is 628 m above sea level. The last dated eruption at Kuchino-shima took place about 2850 years ago.

Photo courtesy of Bird's-Eye Japan (http://www.medianetjapan.com/2/town/internet_computer/birds/).
The elongated Kuchino-shima consists of two andesitic stratovolcanoes and a NW-SE-trending chain of lava domes. It is seen here from the NE; two small villages, Nishinohama and Kuchino-shima, lie at the northern end of the mostly uninhabited island. The island consists of two andesitic stratovolcanoes and a NW-SE-trending chain of lava domes. The compound 628-m-high Mae-dake lava dome (left-center) forms the highest point on the 3 x 7 km wide island.

Copyrighted photo by Shun Nakano, 2005 (Japanese Quaternary Volcanoes database, RIODB, http://riodb02.ibase.aist.go.jp/strata/VOL_JP/EN/index.htm and Geol Surv Japan, AIST, http://www.gsj.jp/).
Sharp-topped Mae-dake lava dome, the highest point on Kuchino-shima, was formed during the last magmatic eruption on the island between the 8th and 13th centuries.

Copyrighted photo by Shun Nakano, 2005 (Japanese Quaternary Volcanoes database, RIODB, http://riodb02.ibase.aist.go.jp/strata/VOL_JP/EN/index.htm and Geol Surv Japan, AIST, http://www.gsj.jp/).
The sharp-topped peak in the center is 628-m-high Mae-dake lava dome, which rises above the eastern coast of Kuchino-shima and forms the high point of the island. Flat-topped Yoko-dake peak lies at the upper right. Kuchino-shima, a mostly uninhabited island, lies in the northern Ryukyu Islands between the volcanic islands of Nakano-shima and Kuchinoerabu-jima. It consists of two andesitic stratovolcanoes and a NW-SE-trending chain of lava domes.

Copyrighted photo by Shun Nakano, 2005 (Japanese Quaternary Volcanoes database, RIODB, http://riodb02.ibase.aist.go.jp/strata/VOL_JP/EN/index.htm and Geol Surv Japan, AIST, http://www.gsj.jp/).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


A listing of samples from the Smithsonian collections will be available soon.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Kuchinoshima Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.