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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 33.282°N
  • 131.39°E

  • 1584 m
    5196 ft

  • 282130
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Yufu-Tsurumi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Yufu-Tsurumi.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Yufu-Tsurumi.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



867 CE

1584 m / 5196 ft


Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

A group of lava domes rises above the noted hot spring resort city of Beppu on Japan's Inland Sea, possibly within an ancient breached caldera. Two large lava domes, Tsurumidake and Yufudake (the highest at 1,584 m), are located at the east and west sides of the complex, respectively. Three smaller lava domes are on the N flank of Tsurumidake, including Garandake. The latest activity at both the andesitic-to-dacitic Tsurumi and Yufu groups postdates the 6300-year-old Akahoya ash from Kikai volcano. Pyroclastic flows dominated during older eruptions, whereas lava domes and lava flows are most common in more recent eruptions. An eruption about 2200 years ago from Yufudake began with collapse of the N flank that produced a debris avalanche and was followed by lava dome growth and associated pyroclastic flows. Only a single eruption, from Tsurumi in 867 CE, is known in historical time. The colorful hot spring pools and mudpots of Beppu along the coast form one of Japan's most noted thermal areas.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Fujisawa Y, Ueno H, Kobayashi T, 2001. 2.2 ka eruption study on the emplacement temperature of pyroclastic deposits of Yufu volcano, Japan. Bull Volc Soc Japan (Kazan), 46: 187-203 (in Japanese with English abs).

Honma F, 1926. Beppu, the Hot-Spring City. Pan-Pacific Sci Cong Guidebook Excur, E-1.5: 1-16.

Japan Meteorological Agency, 1975. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan. Tokyo: Japan Meteorological Agency, 119 p (in Japanese).

Japan Meteorological Agency, 2013. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (fourth edition, English version). Japan Meteorological Agency.

Japan Meteorological Agency, 1996. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (second edition). Tokyo: Japan Meteorological Agency, 502 p (in Japanese).

Kuno H, 1962. Japan, Taiwan and Marianas. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 11: 1-332.

Nakano S, Yamamoto T, Iwaya T, Itoh J, Takada A, 2001-. Quaternary Volcanoes of Japan. Geol Surv Japan, AIST, http://www.aist.go.jp/RIODB/strata/VOL_JP/.

Ohta T, Hasenaka T, Fujimaki H, 1990. Geology and petrography of Yufu-Tsurumi volcano group, Oita Prefecture. J Min Petr Econ Geol, 85: 113-129 (in Japanese with English abs).

Saito T, Kamata H, Ishikawa N, 2000. Lithofacies and thermoremanent magnetism of the Ikeshiro pyroclastic-flow deposit and the Ikeshiro-Hokubu volcaniclastic deposit in the Yufu-Tsurumi volcano group. Bull Volc Soc Japan (Kazan), 45: 217-224 (in Japanese with English abs).

Yamasaki T, Hayashi M, 1976. Geologic background of Otake and other geothermal areas in north-central Kyushu, southwestern Japan. In: {Proc 2nd United Nations Symp Devel Use Geotherm Resour, San Francisco}, Washington D C: U S Government Printing Office, 1: 673-684.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0867 Mar 4 0867 May 4 ± 15 days Confirmed 3 Historical Observations
0771 Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations
0200 BCE ± 50 years Unknown Confirmed 4 Radiocarbon (uncorrected) Yufu-dake summit and N flank (Ikeshiro)

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Takahira-yama Cone


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Garandake Dome 1045 m 33° 19' 3" N 131° 25' 39" E
Hyuuga-dake Dome 1080 m
Imorigashiro Dome 1061 m
Taihei-zan Dome 792 m
Dome 1375 m 33° 17' 12" N 131° 25' 47" E
Dome 1272 m
Dome 1584 m 33° 16' 54" N 131° 23' 25" E


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Beppu Thermal
Bozu-jigoku Thermal
Chinoike-jigoku Thermal
Furo-sen Thermal
Hachiman-jigoku Thermal
Higashi-onsen Thermal
Hijiri-yu Thermal
Hotta Thermal
Jizono-yu Thermal
Kamado-jigoku Thermal
Kamegawa Thermal
Kannawa-jigoku Thermal
Koya-jigoku Thermal
Kwankaiji-onsen Thermal
Myoban Thermal
Reicho-sen Thermal
Shibaseki Thermal
Shibuno-yu Thermal
Shin-Beppu Thermal
Shino-yu Thermal
Tsukahara Thermal
Umi-jigoku Thermal
Yufuin Thermal

Photo Gallery

Yufu-dake, the westernmost of the two large lava dome complexes of Tsurumi volcano, rises to the NE of the city of Yufu in northern Kyushu. Three smaller lava domes are located on the north flank of the eastern dome, Tsurumi. Only a single eruption from Tsurumi volcano, in 867 AD, is known in historical time. The colorful hot spring pools and mudpots of Beppu, one of Japan's most noted thermal areas, are a major tourist attraction at the coastal city of Beppu, east of the volcano.

Photo by Yukio Hayakawa, 1994 (Gunma University).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Yufu-Tsurumi in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Yufu-Tsurumi Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.