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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 36.106°N
  • 137.554°E

  • 3026 m
    9925 ft

  • 283060
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Norikuradake.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Norikuradake.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Norikuradake.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



50 BCE

3026 m / 9925 ft


Volcano Types

Lava dome

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Norikuradake volcano consists of an elongated group of small andesitic stratovolcanoes and craters arranged along a N-S line above a ridge crest in the southern part of the Northern Japan Alps. The 3026-m-high andesitic-to-dacitic volcano is the third highest in Japan and lies at the center of the Norikura volcanic zone extending from Yakedake on the north to Ontake on the south. Early eruptions occurred at both the northern and southern ends of the present-day volcano, forming stratovolcanoes that have been largely buried by later southward-migrating eruptions. It was active during the early Holocene, and the last eruption took place about 2000 years ago.


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Fujita K, Ogawa Y, Ichiki M, Yamaguchi S, Makino Y, 1999. Audio frequency magneto-telluric survey of Norikura volcano in central Japan. J Volc Geotherm Res, 90: 209-217.

Japan Meteorological Agency, 1996. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (second edition). Tokyo: Japan Meteorological Agency, 502 p (in Japanese).

Japan Meteorological Agency, 2013. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (fourth edition, English version). Japan Meteorological Agency.

Kudo T, Hoshizumi H, 2006-. Catalog of eruptive events within the last 10,000 years in Japan, database of Japanese active volcanoes. Geol Surv Japan, AIST,

Kuno H, 1962. Japan, Taiwan and Marianas. Catalog of Active Volcanoes of the World and Solfatara Fields, Rome: IAVCEI, 11: 1-332.

Nakano S, Yamamoto T, Iwaya T, Itoh J, Takada A, 2001-. Quaternary Volcanoes of Japan. Geol Surv Japan, AIST,

Okuno M, Nakamura T, Moriya I, Hayakawa Y, 1994. Radiocarbon ages of wood charcoal just below the Kuraigahara tephra from Norikura-dake volcano, central Japan. Bull Nagoya Univ Furukawa Museum, 10: 71-77 (in Japanese with English abs).

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
0050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Tephrochronology
7250 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Ichino-ike, Kuraigahara tephra
7700 BCE ± 150 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Kengamine

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.




Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Eboshi-dake Cone 2700 m
Enko-dake Cone 2823 m


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Gongen-ike Crater
Gono-ike Crater
Crater 3026 m
Kamega-ike Crater 2823 m
Kamega-ike Crater
Kiezu-ike Crater
Marishiten Crater
Oonyu-ike Crater
Crater 2760 m


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Dome 2745 m


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Norikura Kogen Hot Springs Hot Spring

Photo Gallery

The summit of On-take volcano provides a grand perspective of the Northern Japan Alps on the horizon. Norikura volcano, another massive Holocene stratovolcano, forms the broad massif in the middle distance. On-take is constructed within a largely buried 4 x 5 km caldera. Ichino-ike ("First Pond"), in the foreground, is one of a series of small explosion craters that cut the broad summit along a NNE-trending line. On-take's first historical eruption in 1979 followed a lengthy period of quiescence.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1988 (Smithsonian Institution).
The broad summit of Norikura volcano contains many small peaks and craters. The east (right) side of Enko-dake (center) is cut by the Kamega-ike explosion crater. Tsuruga-ike, another explosion crater, is the pond in the center of the photo. Norikura volcano consists of a group of small andesitic stratovolcanoes and craters arranged along a N-S line above a ridge crest at the southern part of the Northern Japan Alps. The latest activity occurred during the Holocene, and the last eruption took place at the summit crater of Ichino-ike.

Photo by Lee Siebert, 1977 (Smithsonian Institution).
Ebisu-dake lava dome in the background and Tsuruga-ike crater lake at the lower right occupy part of the elongated summit complex of Norikura volcano in central Honshu. A highway leads to the summit of this 3026-m-high volcano in Japan's Chubu Sangaku National Park.

Photo by Ichio Moriya (Kanazawa University).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 1 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections. Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description
NMNH 113866 Hornblende andesite

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Norikuradake Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.