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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 36.955°N
  • 139.285°E

  • 2356 m
    7728 ft

  • 283131
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit

  • Volcano

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Hiuchigatake.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Hiuchigatake.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Hiuchigatake.

Basic Data

Volcano Number

Last Known Eruption



1544 CE

2356 m / 7728 ft


Volcano Types

Lava dome(s)

Rock Types

Andesite / Basaltic Andesite

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Continental crust (> 25 km)


Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km

Geological Summary

Hiuchigatake volcano lies in Nikko National Park and erupted the 8 cu km Hiuchigatake-Nanairi tephra and pyroclastic flow deposit about 170,00-160,000 years ago. Two lava domes at the southern end of the summit of Hiuchigatake stratovolcano overlook Ozenuma lake, a popular hiking destination in the national park. The southern of the two domes, Akanagure, produced a series of viscous lava flows about 3500 years ago that extend to the southern and western flanks the volcano. The northern dome, Miike, was the source of a tephra layer correlated with a report of historical activity in 1544 (Hayakawa, 1994b).


The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography.

Hayakawa Y, 1994. Discovery of an eruption product of ca. 500 years ago at Hiuchigatake. Bull Volc Soc Japan (Kazan), 39: 243-246 (in Japanese).

IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..

Japan Association Quaternary Research, 1987. Quaternary Maps of Japan: Landforms, Geology, and Tectonics. Tokyo: Univ Tokyo Press.

Japan Meteorological Agency, 2013. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (fourth edition, English version). Japan Meteorological Agency.

Nakano S, Yamamoto T, Iwaya T, Itoh J, Takada A, 2001-. Quaternary Volcanoes of Japan. Geol Surv Japan, AIST, http://www.aist.go.jp/RIODB/strata/VOL_JP/.

Ono K, Soya T, Mimura K, 1981. Volcanoes of Japan. Geol Surv Japan Map Ser, no 11, 2nd edition, 1:2,000,000.

Yamamoto T, 1999. Plinian fall deposits in the Fukushima-Tochigi area during 0.3-0.1 Ma: stratigraphy of marker tephra layers erupting from Numazawa, Hiuchigatake, Kinunuma, and Sunagohara volcanoes. Bull Geol Surv Japan, 50: 743-767.

Eruptive History

Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1544 Jul 28 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Miike-dake lava dome
6050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Akanagure lava dome

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.


Hiuchiga-take | Hiuchi


Feature Name Feature Type Elevation Latitude Longitude
Akanagure Dome
Miike-dake Dome 2345 m

Photo Gallery

Snow-capped Hiuchi volcano rises above Ozenuma lake, a popular hiking destination in Nikko National Park, in this aerial view from the SE. Two lava domes at the southern end of the summit of Hiuchi stratovolcano have been active during the Holocene. The northern dome produced viscous lava flows about 3500 years ago, and the southern dome was the source of an explosive eruption in 1544 AD.

Copyrighted photo by Shun Nakano, 1996 (Japanese Quaternary Volcanoes database, RIODB, http://riodb02.ibase.aist.go.jp/strata/VOL_JP/EN/index.htm and Geol Surv Japan, AIST, http://www.gsj.jp/).

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Hiuchigatake in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites

Large Eruptions of Hiuchigatake Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
MODVOLC - HIGP MODIS Thermal Alert System Using infrared satellite Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data, scientists at the Hawai'i Institute of Geophysics and Planetology, University of Hawai'i, developed an automated system called MODVOLC to map thermal hot-spots in near real time. For each MODIS image, the algorithm automatically scans each 1 km pixel within it to check for high-temperature hot-spots. When one is found the date, time, location, and intensity are recorded. MODIS looks at every square km of the Earth every 48 hours, once during the day and once during the night, and the presence of two MODIS sensors in space allows at least four hot-spot observations every two days. Each day updated global maps are compiled to display the locations of all hot spots detected in the previous 24 hours. There is a drop-down list with volcano names which allow users to 'zoom-in' and examine the distribution of hot-spots at a variety of spatial scales.
MIROVA Middle InfraRed Observation of Volcanic Activity (MIROVA) is a near real time volcanic hot-spot detection system based on the analysis of MODIS (Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer) data. In particular, MIROVA uses the Middle InfraRed Radiation (MIR), measured over target volcanoes, in order to detect, locate and measure the heat radiation sourced from volcanic activity.