Logo link to homepage

Nasudake

Photo of this volcano
  • Japan
  • Japan, Taiwan, Marianas
  • Stratovolcano(es)
  • 1963 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 37.125°N
  • 139.963°E

  • 1915 m
    6283 ft

  • 283150
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

Most Recent Bulletin Report: July 1996 (BGVN 21:07) Citation IconCite this Report

Seismic activity increases

High seismicity was recorded on 14 July with a total of 14 earthquakes. The Nasu volcano group consists of a N-S cluster of stratovolcanoes and lava domes at the N end of the Kanto plain. Nasu volcanics date back at least 350,000 years. The youngest dome, Chausu-dake, is late Holocene in age and has had several severe explosive eruptions since its first historical eruption in the late 14th century.

Information Contacts: Volcanological Division, Japan Meteorological Agency, 1-3-4 Ote-machi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100, Japan

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Nasudake.

Bulletin Reports - Index

Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

03/1977 (NSEB 02:03) Earthquake swarm with felt events

10/1985 (SEAN 10:10) Two earthquake swarms

07/1996 (BGVN 21:07) Seismic activity increases




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


March 1977 (NSEB 02:03) Citation IconCite this Report

Earthquake swarm with felt events

An earthquake swarm including felt shocks occurred on 30-31 January, but no surface phenomena were observed.

Information Contacts: JMA, Tokyo.


October 1985 (SEAN 10:10) Citation IconCite this Report

Two earthquake swarms

Local seismic activity increased 9-12 September at the N foot, about 10 km from the summit. Magnitude [3.5] events recorded on 9 and 11 September were felt at intensity I and II at a town 7 km NW of the summit, but were not felt at the JMA Nasudake Volcano Observatory, about 19 km to the SSE.

Another swarm of small earthquakes occurred [27-29 September] at the NE foot, about 10 km from the summit. Three larger events were felt at Kashi hot spring, 7 km NE of the summit, but again none were felt at the JMA Observatory. The JMA seismic network in this area could not accurately determine hypocenters and magnitudes of small events. The largest events of this swarm were estimated to be roughly magnitude 2.7. Earthquake swarms are common around Nasu.

Information Contacts: JMA, Tokyo.


July 1996 (BGVN 21:07) Citation IconCite this Report

Seismic activity increases

High seismicity was recorded on 14 July with a total of 14 earthquakes. The Nasu volcano group consists of a N-S cluster of stratovolcanoes and lava domes at the N end of the Kanto plain. Nasu volcanics date back at least 350,000 years. The youngest dome, Chausu-dake, is late Holocene in age and has had several severe explosive eruptions since its first historical eruption in the late 14th century.

Information Contacts: Volcanological Division, Japan Meteorological Agency, 1-3-4 Ote-machi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100, Japan

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 21 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1963 Nov 20 1963 Nov 21 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Chausu-dake (west side)
[ 1963 Jul 10 ] [ 1963 Jul 11 ] Uncertain 1   Chausu-dake
1960 Oct 10 (?) Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Chausu-dake (50 m north of 1953 vent)
1953 Oct 24 1953 Oct 29 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Chausu-dake (1881 crater)
1881 Jul 1 Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Chausu-dake (west and NW side of summit)
1846 Aug Unknown Confirmed 1 Historical Observations Chausu-dake
1410 Mar 5 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Chausu-dake
1408 Feb 24 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Chausu-dake, CH6 tephra
1404 Feb 11 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Chausu-dake
1397 Feb 17 Unknown Confirmed 3 Historical Observations Chausu-dake
0330 ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Radiocarbon (corrected) Chausu-dake, Ns-7 to 5 tephras
0250 ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Chausu-dake, Ns-8 tephra
0250 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology Chausu-dake, Ns-12 to 9 tephras
0700 BCE ± 200 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Chausu-dake, CH5 tephra
1440 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology Chausu-dake
2000 BCE ± 1450 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology Chausu-dake
4350 BCE ± 950 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology Chausu-dake
5550 BCE ± 500 years Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Chausu-dake, CH4 tephra
6050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology Chausu-dake
7850 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed 3 Radiocarbon (corrected) Chausu-dake, CH3 tephra
8550 BCE ± 1500 years Unknown Confirmed 2 Tephrochronology Chausu-dake
Deformation History

There is data available for 1 deformation periods. Expand each entry for additional details.


Deformation during 2011 Mar 11 - 2011 Mar 11 [Subsidence; Observed by InSAR]

Start Date: 2011 Mar 11 Stop Date: 2011 Mar 11 Direction: Subsidence Method: InSAR
Magnitude: 5.000 cm Spatial Extent: 15.00 km Latitude: 37.000 Longitude: 140.000

Remarks: Subsidence of plutonic bodies triggered by Mw 9.0 Tohoku earthquake

Figure (see Caption)

Close-up interferograms. Blue squares indicate geothermal power plants. GEONET stations are indicated by numbered circles, with the colour inside indicating the GPS displacements in the LOS direction.

From: Takada and Fukushima 2013.


Reference List: Takada and Fukushima 2013; Ozawa and Fujita 2013.

Full References:

Ozawa T, Fujita E, 2013. Local deformations around volcanoes associated with the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku earthquake. J. Geophys. Res., 118, 390-405. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011JB009129

Takada and Fukushima, 2013. Volcanic subsidence triggered by the 2011 Tohoku earthquake in Japan. Nature Geoscience, 6: 637-641.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Nasudake.

Photo Gallery

A line of hikers at the lower left navigate a trail below the steaming summit of Chausu-dake, the active cone of the Nasu volcanic complex. The Nasu volcano group consists of a N-S-trending cluster of stratovolcanoes and lava domes at the north end of the Kanto Plain. The youngest volcano, Chausu-dake, began forming about 16,000 years ago. The last of six magmatic eruptions took place in 1408-1410 CE, when the youngest summit lava dome was formed. More frequent smaller phreatic eruptions have occurred during historical time.

Photo by Yukio Hayakawa, 1994 (Gunma University).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.

Title: Computer Generated Geologic Map of Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1990
Series: No 22
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Computer Generated Geologic Map of Japan
Title: Japan, South Korea
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Japan, S Korea
Year: 1988
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Japan, South Korea
Title: (B) Q Maps of Japan Landforms, Geol, Tect: Central
Publisher: Univ of Tokyo Press & Japan Association for Quaternary Research
Country: Japan
Year: 1987
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of (B) Q Maps of Japan Landforms, Geol, Tect: Central
Title: Japan
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Japan
Year: 1985
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Japan
Title: Historical Japan
Publisher: National Geographic Society
Country: Japan
Year: 1984
Series: National Geographic
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,982,000
Map of Historical Japan
Publisher: Soviet Ministry
Country: USSR
Year: 1984
Series: B1754
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of
Title: Shirakawa
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1984
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Shirakawa
Title: Geol Map of Japan/ Geol Atlas
Publisher: Geol Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1982
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geol Map of Japan/ Geol Atlas
Title: Central Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1980
Series: CIM 1:1 mil
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Central Japan
Title: Nasu-dake
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1980
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Nasu-dake
Title: Central Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1980
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Central Japan
Title: Central Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1980
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Central Japan
Title: Shiobara
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1979
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Shiobara
Title: Otawara
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1979
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Otawara
Title: Geological Map of Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1978
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geological Map of Japan
Title: Geological Map of Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1978
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geological Map of Japan
Title: Distribution Map of Hot Springs in Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1975
Series: 1:2,000,000
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Distribution Map of Hot Springs in Japan
Title: (Japanese) Geol map of Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1974
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of (Japanese) Geol map of Japan
Title: Landform Classification
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown (Land)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Landform Classification
Title: Land Use
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown (Land)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Land Use
Title: Population Distribution
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Population Distribution
Title: River Systems
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of River Systems
Title: Central Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1966
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Central Japan
Title: Utsunomiya
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1954
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Utsunomiya
Title: Numasawa-Numa
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1945
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Numasawa-Numa
Title: Shiobara
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Shiobara
Title: Nasu-Dake
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Nasu-Dake
Title: Sendai
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1943
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Sendai
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Nasudake in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites