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Mikurajima is a small steep-sided island located between the more well-known Miyakejima and Hachijojima volcanoes. Oyama forms the 851-m-high summit of the basaltic-to-andesitic island, which is surrounded by cliffs up to about 500 m high and dissected on the southern-to-eastern sides. The sparsely populated island consists of a large stratovolcano with lava domes on the SE side. Several small sea stacks are located immediately offshore, including one 73 m high off the SE tip of the island. Growth of the stratovolcano took place until about 7000 years ago, and the latest activity occurred about 6000 years ago, when explosive eruptions and pyroclastic surges accompanied lava dome growth.
Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).
|Start Date||Stop Date||Eruption Certainty||VEI||Evidence||Activity Area or Unit|
|4100 BCE ± 100 years||Unknown||Confirmed||Radiocarbon (corrected)||Tsubunegamori & Yasukajigamori domes|
|5050 BCE (?)||Unknown||Confirmed||Tephrochronology|
This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.
|Feature Name||Feature Type||Elevation||Latitude||Longitude|
|The dissected southern flanks of Mikura-jima volcano are seen in this aerial view from the SSW. O-yama, the summit of the stratovolcano forming the island, lies in the shadow on the left horizon. The small dark spire on the center horizon is the Ichinomori volcanic neck, while the flat-topped Shipunegamori lava dome is at the far right.
Copyrighted photo by Akira Takada (Japanese Quaternary Volcanoes database, RIODB, http://riodb02.ibase.aist.go.jp/strata/VOL_JP/EN/index.htm and Geol Surv Japan, AIST, http://www.gsj.jp/).
The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.
IAVCEI, 1973-80. Post-Miocene Volcanoes of the World. IAVCEI Data Sheets, Rome: Internatl Assoc Volc Chemistry Earth's Interior..
Japan Association Quaternary Research, 1987. Quaternary Maps of Japan: Landforms, Geology, and Tectonics. Tokyo: Univ Tokyo Press.
Japan Meteorological Agency, 2013. National Catalogue of the Active Volcanoes in Japan (fourth edition, English version). Japan Meteorological Agency.
Kudo T, Hoshizumi H, 2006-. Catalog of eruptive events within the last 10,000 years in Japan, database of Japanese active volcanoes. Geol Surv Japan, AIST, http://riodb02.ibase.aist.go.jp/db099/eruption/index.html.
Nakano S, Yamamoto T, Iwaya T, Itoh J, Takada A, 2001-. Quaternary Volcanoes of Japan. Geol Surv Japan, AIST, http://www.aist.go.jp/RIODB/strata/VOL_JP/.
Ono K, Soya T, Mimura K, 1981. Volcanoes of Japan. Geol Surv Japan Map Ser, no 11, 2nd edition, 1:2,000,000.