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Myojinsho

Photo of this volcano
  • Japan
  • Japan, Taiwan, Marianas
  • Submarine
  • 1970 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 31.888°N
  • 139.918°E

  • 11 m
    36 ft

  • 284070
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number
Most Recent Weekly Report: 21 March-27 March 2018 Citation IconCite this Report

JMA issued a warning on 24 March for the waters surrounding Myojinsho after reports from the Japan Coast Guard indicated discolored water from a possible eruptive event.

Source: Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA)


Most Recent Bulletin Report: March 1988 (SEAN 13:03) Citation IconCite this Report

Discolored water

Light green discolored water, centered over the vent in a fan-shaped zone ~8 km long, was seen from the air on 18 March. The next day, a circle of light green discolored water ~1.8 km in diameter was visible.

Information Contacts: JMA.

Weekly Reports - Index


2018: March


21 March-27 March 2018 Citation IconCite this Report

JMA issued a warning on 24 March for the waters surrounding Myojinsho after reports from the Japan Coast Guard indicated discolored water from a possible eruptive event.

Source: Japan Meteorological Agency (JMA)


Bulletin Reports - Index

Reports are organized chronologically and indexed below by Month/Year (Publication Volume:Number), and include a one-line summary. Click on the index link or scroll down to read the reports.

02/1970 (CSLP 10-70) Explosions and discolored water on 29 January; larger eruption on 3 February

03/1970 (CSLP 10-70) Explosions in January and February detected by hydrophones

04/1970 (CSLP 10-70) Eruption on 23 April sends water and smoke 200 m high

05/1970 (CSLP 10-70) Detailed observations of activity from fishing boats and observation flights

07/1970 (CSLP 10-70) Explosion bubbles and floating pumice on 18 June

07/1979 (SEAN 04:07) Water discoloration observed on 13 July 1979

11/1980 (SEAN 05:11) Discolored water

12/1980 (SEAN 05:12) Discolored water seen on 23 December

10/1987 (SEAN 12:10) Discolored water within 100 km

03/1988 (SEAN 13:03) Discolored water




Information is preliminary and subject to change. All times are local (unless otherwise noted)


February 1970 (CSLP 10-70)

Explosions and discolored water on 29 January; larger eruption on 3 February

Card 0859 (04 February 1970) Numerous explosions and discolored water on 29 January

The submarine volcano Myojin-sho exploded on 29 January between 1400 and 1600 hours. Located at 31°N, 139°59.5' E, the volcano shot a 200-300-m-wide water spout 100 m into the air at 1420, 1435, and 1443 hours. The explosions were accompanied by sulfur-colored smoke, as reported by the fishing boat Shintokumaru ##2. Another boat, the Shintokumaru ##12, reported five or six similar explosions, each of 3-4 minutes duration, at 1540 hours.

Card 0866 (13 February 1970) Larger eruption on 3 February

The Myojin-sho Reef in the Pacific erupted again at around 1040 [on 7 February], the 3rd Regional Maritime Safety Agency Headquarters in Yokohama revealed. The eruption was reported by the fishing boat No. 2 Shintoku Maru, which was sailing near the volcanic reef, located 150 km S of Hachijojima Island. According to the report, the eruption was greater in scale than the previous one which had occurred 29 January. Crew members of the fishing vessel witnessed great clouds of spray and seawater of dark-red color around the reef.

Information Contacts: Card 0859 (04 February 1970)Tokiko Tiba, National Science Museum, Tokyo, Japan.
Card 0866 (13 February 1970)S. Motoda, Hokkaido University, Hakodate, Japan; W.H. Littlewood, American Embassy, Tokyo, Japan.


March 1970 (CSLP 10-70)

Explosions in January and February detected by hydrophones

Card 0880 (09 March 1970)

"The submarine eruption of Myojin-sho on 29 January was detected by sofar hydrophones of the Pacific Missile Range at Wake and Midway Islands. The origin time for the first explosion was 0330 GMT; for the last 1153 GMT. Eight large explosions occurred between 0330 and 0639, five between 0925 and 1012, and continuous high level activity between 1020 and 1110 GMT.

"Nine strong explosions from Myojin-sho originating between 0245 and 0511 GMT, 13 February, were recorded by the sofar hydrophones of the Pacific Missile Range at Wake and Midway. The hydrophones also recorded strong signals from the direction of Myojinsho on 14, 16 and 17 February with the strongest activity at 1044 GMT 17 February. One explosion was recorded on 25 February originating at 1914 GMT."

Information Contacts: Rockne H. Johnson, Hawaii Institute of Geophysics, University of Hawaii, USA.


April 1970 (CSLP 10-70)

Eruption on 23 April sends water and smoke 200 m high

Card 0927 (30 April 1970) Eruption on 23 April sends water and smoke 200 m high

The following information was passed to the Center via the American Embassy. Myojin-sho erupted again 23 April according to a report reaching Shizuoka from the Japanese fishing boat Kaigyo Maru of Izu, Shizuoka, Prefecture. The crew of the Kaigyo Maru witnessed the eruption at a point 50 km SE of the reef. It sent a column of water and smoke 200 m high.

Information Contacts: Japanese Fishing Fleet, Izu, Kyodo, Japan.


May 1970 (CSLP 10-70)

Detailed observations of activity from fishing boats and observation flights

Card 0938 (14 May 1970) Detailed observations of activity from fishing boats and observation flights

"The submarine volcano Myojin-sho exploded on 23 April 1970. Fishing boats, the Kairyu-maru and the 7th Kinosya-maru, reported as follows: 23 April, 0620 JST: explosion; water spout was given out 200-500 km high and about 100 m wide. 0630 -0637 JST: explosion. 0710 JST: explosion; volcanic smoke was observed to be 20-30 m high. After this, there were three to four explosions until 0800 hours on the same day. Water spout seemed to be higher than 200 m. The JMSA (Japan Maritime Safety Agency) observed the states of the submarine volcano from the air at 1125-1200 JST on 23 April and reported as follows: Sea water, about 100 m across, above the submarine volcano, was discolored by sulfur. A yellow belt of water discolored with sulfur, 1,000 m wide and 2,000 m long, moved in the SW direction from the discolored zone. At the front of this belt was a floating pumice zone 50-100 m wide and 1,000 m long, seemingly emitted on the occasion of the observed explosions. At 1100-1140 JST on 1 May, the members of JMA and JMSA observed this volcano from the air. No volcanic island above sea-level was seen, but light green sea water above the volcano suspended with sulfur or ejecta from the submarine-crater was observed (across 50-60 m). A discolored belt of water from this suspended zone was observed to move in the SE direction and to be 50-60 m wide, several hundred meters long. The sea temperature near this submarine volcano was measured with an infrared thermometer from the airplane but an extraordinary temperature was not detected."

Information Contacts: Yosihiro Sawada, Japan Meteorological Agency, Tokyo, Japan.


July 1970 (CSLP 10-70)

Explosion bubbles and floating pumice on 18 June

Card 0972 (15 July 1970) Explosion bubbles and floating pumice on 18 June

"In the morning of 18 June 1970, members of the fishing boat the 3rd Zinkokumaru observed the bubbles of a submarine volcanic explosion under sea-level about 50 m deep. Much pumice (max. 40 cm across) was floating near the sea surface above the submarine crater."

Information Contacts: Yosihiro Sawada, Japan Meteorological Agency, Tokyo, Japan.


July 1979 (SEAN 04:07) Citation IconCite this Report

Water discoloration observed on 13 July 1979

After 10 years of inactivity, discolored water was observed on 13 July 1979 at Myojin-sho.

Information Contacts: JMSA, Tokyo; JMA, Tokyo.


November 1980 (SEAN 05:11) Citation IconCite this Report

Discolored water

The crew of the fishing boat Suitenmaru 11 saw discolored water over Myojin-sho on 15 November at around 1530. They reported that no discoloration had been seen there that morning. JMSA personnel flew over the site on 18 November and observed three circular areas of pale green water, each 50-80 m across, aligned within a 300-m zone. [Discolored water was] also seen the following day by the crew of the fishing boat Shinkomaru 26 and again by JMSA personnel on 26 November. No floating ejecta or upwelling of water were noted, however.

Information Contacts: JMSA, Tokyo; JMA, Tokyo.


December 1980 (SEAN 05:12) Citation IconCite this Report

Discolored water seen on 23 December

The Japanese Maritime Safety Agency (JMSA) continues frequent aerial monitoring of several known submarine volcanoes. Renewed activity at Myojin-sho was first observed from a fishing boat on 15 November. [Overflights on 14 November and 18 December did not cover Myojin-sho, but that on 23 December observed discolored water at the site.]

Further Reference. Smoot, N.C., The growth rate of submarine volcanoes on the South Honshu and East Mariana Ridges: JGVR. [Bathymetric data on this and following seamounts throughout the Mariana arc.]

Information Contacts: JMA, Tokyo.


October 1987 (SEAN 12:10) Citation IconCite this Report

Discolored water within 100 km

Discolored water within a 100-m radius of Myojin-sho, the central cone of the submarine volcano, was recognized by observers on a fishing boat at 1040 on 21 October. No discolored water had been seen at 0603 that day and none was seen the next day during a JMSA overflight.

Information Contacts: JMA.


March 1988 (SEAN 13:03) Citation IconCite this Report

Discolored water

Light green discolored water, centered over the vent in a fan-shaped zone ~8 km long, was seen from the air on 18 March. The next day, a circle of light green discolored water ~1.8 km in diameter was visible.

Information Contacts: JMA.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 23 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
[ 1988 Mar 18 ] [ 1988 Mar 19 ] Uncertain 0   Myojinsho
[ 1987 Oct 21 ] [ 1987 Dec 9 ] Uncertain 0   Myojinsho
[ 1986 Oct 24 ] [ 1986 Oct 24 ] Uncertain 0   Myojinsho
[ 1983 May 12 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0   Myojinsho
[ 1982 Aug 10 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0   Myojinsho
[ 1980 Nov 15 ] [ 1980 Dec 23 ] Uncertain 0   Myojinsho
[ 1979 Jul 13 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0   Myojinsho
[ 1971 Mar 18 ] [ Unknown ] Uncertain 0  
1970 Jan 29 1970 Jun 16 ± 15 days Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Myojinsho
1960 Jul 21 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Myojinsho
1959 Jul 2 ± 182 days Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations
1958 Jul 2 ± 182 days Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations
1957 May 2 Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations
1955 Jun 25 Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations 4 km north of Bayonnaise Rocks
1954 Nov 4 1954 Nov 5 Confirmed 0 Historical Observations Myojinsho
1952 Sep 16 1953 Oct 16 ± 15 days Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Myojinsho
1946 Feb 4 ± 4 days Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations Island at 31.95 N 140.02 E
1934 May Unknown Confirmed 0 Historical Observations 9 km E of Bayonnaise Rocks
1915 Feb 1915 Jul Confirmed 0 Historical Observations 11 km east, 19 km NE, 4 km SW
1906 Apr 7 1906 Apr 14 Confirmed 1 Historical Observations 9-15 km SE of Bayonnaise Rocks
1896 Unknown Confirmed 2 Historical Observations 14 km north of Bayonnaise Rocks
1871 Unknown Confirmed 0 Unknown Volcano Uncertain
1869 May 6 Unknown Confirmed 0 Unknown Volcano Uncertain
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Myojinsho.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Myojinsho.

Photo Gallery

An explosion from the Bayonnaise Rocks submarine volcano in Japan's central Izu Islands breaches the sea surface on September 23, 1952. These cockscomb-like projections of blocks and ash are characteristic of shallow submarine explosions. This photo was taken 5 seconds after the explosion penetrated the sea surface. Five minutes later the eruption was over and the sea was again calm. The suddeness of these powerful explosions proved to be fatal to 31 people on a research vessel that sailed over the vent the following day.

Photo courtesy of Ryohei Morimoto (University of Tokyo), 1952.
See title for photo information.
A submarine explosion at Myojin-sho lava dome on the rim of Bayonnaise Rocks caldera in the central Izu Islands on September 23, 1952, displays both a vertically rising plume of ash and steam and a basal portion traveling horizontally across the sea surface. This photo was taken 8 seconds after the explosion first breached the surface. The eruption began on September 16, when a lava dome slowly rose above the sea surface. Explosion activity then intermittently destroyed the dome. This cycle continued three times until October 1953.

Photo courtesy of Ryohei Morimoto (University of Tokyo).
See title for photo information.
Steam pours from the blocky summit of a lava dome formed at Myojin-sho during a submarine eruption at the Bayonnaise Rocks volcano in 1952. This September 22 photo was taken six days after the dome began to breach the sea surface. Later that day the eruption became highly explosive, and the dome was destroyed. Three cycles of dome growth and destruction occurred until October 1953. Myojin-sho is located on the eastern rim of a 7-9 km wide submarine caldera.

Photo courtesy of Helen Foster, 1952 (U.S. Geological Survey).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Computer Generated Geologic Map of Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1990
Series: No 22
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Computer Generated Geologic Map of Japan

Title: Japan, South Korea
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Japan, S Korea
Year: 1988
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Japan, South Korea

Title: (B) Q Maps of Japan Landforms, Geol, Tect: Central
Publisher: Univ of Tokyo Press & Japan Association for Quaternary Research
Country: Japan
Year: 1987
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of (B) Q Maps of Japan Landforms, Geol, Tect: Central

Title: The South of Hatizyo Sima
Publisher: Maritime Safety Agency
Country: Japan
Year: 1986
Map Type: Bathymetric
Scale: 1:200,000
Map of The South of Hatizyo Sima

Title: Historical Japan
Publisher: National Geographic Society
Country: Japan
Year: 1984
Series: National Geographic
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,982,000
Map of Historical Japan

Title: Geol Map of Japan/ Geol Atlas
Publisher: Geol Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1982
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geol Map of Japan/ Geol Atlas

Title: Geological Map of Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1978
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geological Map of Japan

Title: Geological Map of Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1978
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geological Map of Japan

Title: Distribution Map of Hot Springs in Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1975
Series: 1:2,000,000
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Distribution Map of Hot Springs in Japan

Title: (Japanese) Geol map of Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1974
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of (Japanese) Geol map of Japan

Title: Landform Classification
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown (Land)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Landform Classification

Title: Land Use
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown (Land)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Land Use

Title: Population Distribution
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Population Distribution

Title: River Systems
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of River Systems

Title: Beyoneisu-Retsugan
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1945
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Beyoneisu-Retsugan

Title: Tori-Shima
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Tori-Shima

Title: Tokyo
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1943
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Tokyo
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

There are no samples for Myojinsho in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences Rock and Ore collection.

Affiliated Sites