Seamount X

Photo of this volcano
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  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 13.25°N
  • 144.02°E

  • -1230 m
    -4034 ft

  • 284230
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Seamount X.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Seamount X.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Seamount X.

Hydrothermal activity was detected during a 2003 NOAA expedition at a submarine volcano about 70 km WSW of Guam. The summit of the volcano, referred to as Seamount X, lies 1230 m below the sea surface. Diffuse sites of thermal venting colonized by shrimps, crabs, and scaleworms were detected near the summit during a 2006 NOAA expedition, and thick deposits of sulfur flows originating from the hydrothermal vent were observed that were covered with thousands of squat lobsters. Basaltic rocks were recovered along with sulfur samples. The summit of the volcano is cut by an elongated caldera.

The Global Volcanism Program is not aware of any Holocene eruptions from Seamount X. If this volcano has had large eruptions (VEI >= 4) prior to 10,000 years ago, information might be found on the Seamount X page in the LaMEVE (Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions) database, a part of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).

The Global Volcanism Program has no synonyms or subfeatures listed for Seamount X.

A bathymetric map showing the location and topography of Seamount X was produced using data from 2004 and 2006 NOAA submarine vents expeditions. The seamount lies about 70 km WSW of Guam and displays areas of hydrothermal venting. The contour interval is 200 meters.

Image courtesy of Susan Merle (Oregon State University/NOAA Vents Program).

The following references have all been used during the compilation of data for this volcano, it is not a comprehensive bibliography. Discussion of another volcano or eruption (sometimes far from the one that is the subject of the manuscript) may produce a citation that is not at all apparent from the title.

Embley R W, Baker E T, Chadwick W W Jr, Lupton J E, Resing J A, Massoth G J, Nakamura K, 2004. Explorations of Mariana Arc volcanoes reveal new hydrothermal systems. Eos, Trans Amer Geophys Union, 85: 37 and 40.

Smithsonian Institution-GVN, 1990-. [Monthly event reports]. Bull Global Volc Network, v 15-33.

Volcano Types

Submarine
Caldera

Tectonic Setting

Subduction zone
Crustal thickness unknown

Rock Types

Major
Basalt / Picro-Basalt

Population

Within 5 km
Within 10 km
Within 30 km
Within 100 km
0
0
0
167,168

Affiliated Databases

Large Eruptions of Seamount X Information about large Quaternary eruptions (VEI >= 4) is cataloged in the Large Magnitude Explosive Volcanic Eruptions (LaMEVE) database of the Volcano Global Risk Identification and Analysis Project (VOGRIPA).
WOVOdat WOVOdat is a database of volcanic unrest; instrumentally and visually recorded changes in seismicity, ground deformation, gas emission, and other parameters from their normal baselines. It is sponsored by the World Organization of Volcano Observatories (WOVO) and presently hosted at the Earth Observatory of Singapore.
EarthChem EarthChem develops and maintains databases, software, and services that support the preservation, discovery, access and analysis of geochemical data, and facilitate their integration with the broad array of other available earth science parameters. EarthChem is operated by a joint team of disciplinary scientists, data scientists, data managers and information technology developers who are part of the NSF-funded data facility Integrated Earth Data Applications (IEDA). IEDA is a collaborative effort of EarthChem and the Marine Geoscience Data System (MGDS).
Smithsonian Collections Search the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections database. Go to the "Search Rocks and Ores" tab and use the Volcano Name drop-down to find samples.