Kuttara

Photo of this volcano
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 42.491°N
  • 141.16°E

  • 549 m
    1801 ft

  • 285034
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kuttara.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kuttara.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kuttara.

Eruptive History


Summary of Holocene eruption dates and Volcanic Explosivity Indices (VEI).


Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1820 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 1 Tephrochronology West flank (Jigoku-dani)
0200 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
8050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Hiyori-yama lava dome

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Photo Gallery


Steam rises from the Jigoku-dani thermal area of Kuttara volcano, which contains active fumaroles, hot springs, hot pools, and mud pots. High-rise hotels have been constructed at the Noboribetsu Spa on the western flank of Kuttara.

Photo by Tom Simkin, 1981 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Hiyori-yama lava dome (left) is a dacitic dome that was extruded during late stages of the eruption that produced the O-Yunuma explosion crater in the foreground. The 372-m-high dome is mantled by a thin layer of older sediments and breccias that were striated and baked during uplift of the dome. O-Yunuma explosion crater is 300-400 m wide and is filled with hot water.

Photo by Tom Simkin, 1981 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Large areas of hydrothermally altered ground occur at the Jigoku-dani ("Valley of Hell") thermal area of Kuttara volcano. Jigoku-dani is a 300-500 m explosion crater that was formed on the west flank of Kuttara volcano. The major tourist resort of Noboribetsu Spa is located nearby.

Photo by Tom Simkin, 1981 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Lake Kuttara fills the 3-km-wide Kuttara caldera, which was formed during major late-Pleistocene explosive eruptions. Pumice-rich pyroclastic-flow deposits from this eruption blanket a wide area around the volcano. Post-caldera volcanism has constructed a group of explosion craters and a lava dome on the western flank of the caldera. The latest eruption consisted of a phreatic explosion from one of the west-flank craters that postdates the 1663 eruption of nearby Usu volcano.

Photo by Mihoko Moriizumi, 1995 (Hokkaido University).
See title for photo information.
Kuttara volcano, seen here from Shiraoi town, is a low, 581-m-high stratovolcano that is truncated by a 3-km-wide caldera. The caldera formed during the late Pleistocene, but minor explosions occurred from a crater in a west-flank thermal area as recently as about 200 years ago.

Photo by Mihoko Moriizumi, 1995 (Hokkaido University).
See title for photo information.
Kuttara volcano, seen here in an aerial view from the west, consists of a 3-km-wide, lake-filled caldera near the Pacific coast of Hokkaido. Post-caldera eruptions have produced a series of explosion craters on the west flank. Thermal activity associated with these craters has produced large areas of hydrothermally altered ground seen at the bottom of the photo. The resort town of Noboribetsu Spa is visible at the lower center.

Photo by Yoshio Katsui, 1996 (Hokkaido University).
See title for photo information.
Volcanoes and calderas fill much of this NASA Shuttle Radar Tomography (SRTM) image of southern Hokkaido with north to the upper left. Usu volcano (bottom center) lies south of Toya caldera. The smaller caldera to the right along the Pacific Ocean is Kuttara. Tarumai and Eniwa volcanoes lie on the estern and western sides, respectively, of Shikotsu caldera (upper right). The conical white peak at left-center is Yotei volcano; Niseko volcano is along the ridge to its left. The city of Sapporo lies at the base of the mountains (top-center).

NASA Shuttle Radar Tomography Mission image, 2000 (http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.

Smithsonian Sample Collections Database


The following 4 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections. Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description
NMNH 112876 Hornblende dacite
NMNH 112876 Hornblende dacite
NMNH 112877 Andesite
NMNH 112877 Andesite

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