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Kuttara

Photo of this volcano
  • Japan
  • Japan, Taiwan, Marianas
  • Stratovolcano(es)
  • 1820 CE
  • Country
  • Volcanic Region
  • Primary Volcano Type
  • Last Known Eruption
  • 42.491°N
  • 141.16°E

  • 549 m
    1801 ft

  • 285034
  • Latitude
  • Longitude

  • Summit
    Elevation

  • Volcano
    Number

The Global Volcanism Program has no activity reports for Kuttara.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Weekly Reports available for Kuttara.

The Global Volcanism Program has no Bulletin Reports available for Kuttara.

This compilation of synonyms and subsidiary features may not be comprehensive. Features are organized into four major categories: Cones, Craters, Domes, and Thermal Features. Synonyms of features appear indented below the primary name. In some cases additional feature type, elevation, or location details are provided.

Eruptive History

There is data available for 3 Holocene eruptive periods.

Start Date Stop Date Eruption Certainty VEI Evidence Activity Area or Unit
1820 ± 100 years Unknown Confirmed 1 Tephrochronology West flank (Jigoku-dani)
0200 ± 75 years Unknown Confirmed   Radiocarbon (corrected)
8050 BCE (?) Unknown Confirmed   Tephrochronology Hiyori-yama lava dome
Deformation History

There is no Deformation History data available for Kuttara.

Emission History

There is no Emissions History data available for Kuttara.

Photo Gallery

Steam rises from the Jigoku-dani thermal area of Kuttara volcano, which contains active fumaroles, hot springs, hot pools, and mud pots. High-rise hotels have been constructed at the Noboribetsu Spa on the western flank of Kuttara.

Photo by Tom Simkin, 1981 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Hiyori-yama lava dome (left) is a dacitic dome that was extruded during late stages of the eruption that produced the O-Yunuma explosion crater in the foreground. The 372-m-high dome is mantled by a thin layer of older sediments and breccias that were striated and baked during uplift of the dome. O-Yunuma explosion crater is 300-400 m wide and is filled with hot water.

Photo by Tom Simkin, 1981 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Large areas of hydrothermally altered ground occur at the Jigoku-dani ("Valley of Hell") thermal area of Kuttara volcano. Jigoku-dani is a 300-500 m explosion crater that was formed on the west flank of Kuttara volcano. The major tourist resort of Noboribetsu Spa is located nearby.

Photo by Tom Simkin, 1981 (Smithsonian Institution).
See title for photo information.
Lake Kuttara fills the 3-km-wide Kuttara caldera, which was formed during major late-Pleistocene explosive eruptions. Pumice-rich pyroclastic-flow deposits from this eruption blanket a wide area around the volcano. Post-caldera volcanism has constructed a group of explosion craters and a lava dome on the western flank of the caldera. The latest eruption consisted of a phreatic explosion from one of the west-flank craters that postdates the 1663 eruption of nearby Usu volcano.

Photo by Mihoko Moriizumi, 1995 (Hokkaido University).
See title for photo information.
Kuttara volcano, seen here from Shiraoi town, is a low, 581-m-high stratovolcano that is truncated by a 3-km-wide caldera. The caldera formed during the late Pleistocene, but minor explosions occurred from a crater in a west-flank thermal area as recently as about 200 years ago.

Photo by Mihoko Moriizumi, 1995 (Hokkaido University).
See title for photo information.
Kuttara volcano, seen here in an aerial view from the west, consists of a 3-km-wide, lake-filled caldera near the Pacific coast of Hokkaido. Post-caldera eruptions have produced a series of explosion craters on the west flank. Thermal activity associated with these craters has produced large areas of hydrothermally altered ground seen at the bottom of the photo. The resort town of Noboribetsu Spa is visible at the lower center.

Photo by Yoshio Katsui, 1996 (Hokkaido University).
See title for photo information.
Volcanoes and calderas fill much of this NASA Shuttle Radar Tomography (SRTM) image of southern Hokkaido with north to the upper left. Usu volcano (bottom center) lies south of Toya caldera. The smaller caldera to the right along the Pacific Ocean is Kuttara. Tarumai and Eniwa volcanoes lie on the estern and western sides, respectively, of Shikotsu caldera (upper right). The conical white peak at left-center is Yotei volcano; Niseko volcano is along the ridge to its left. The city of Sapporo lies at the base of the mountains (top-center).

NASA Shuttle Radar Tomography Mission image, 2000 (http://earthobservatory.nasa.gov/).
See title for photo information.
GVP Map Holdings

The maps shown below have been scanned from the GVP map archives and include the volcano on this page. Clicking on the small images will load the full 300 dpi map. Very small-scale maps (such as world maps) are not included. The maps database originated over 30 years ago, but was only recently updated and connected to our main database. We welcome users to tell us if they see incorrect information or other problems with the maps; please use the Contact GVP link at the bottom of the page to send us email.


Title: Computer Generated Geologic Map of Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1990
Series: No 22
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Computer Generated Geologic Map of Japan

Title: China, Japan, Soviet Union
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Japan, USSR, China
Year: 1988
Series: ONC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of China, Japan, Soviet Union

Title: Japan, Soviet Union
Publisher: DMA Aerospace Center
Country: Japan, USSR
Year: 1987
Series: TPC
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:500,000
Map of Japan, Soviet Union

Title: (A) Q Maps of Japan Landforms, Geol, Tect: NEast
Publisher: Univ of Tokyo Press & Japan Association for Quaternary Research
Country: Japan
Year: 1987
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of (A) Q Maps of Japan Landforms, Geol, Tect: NEast

Title: Historical Japan
Publisher: National Geographic Society
Country: Japan
Year: 1984
Series: National Geographic
Map Type: Geographic
Scale: 1:2,982,000
Map of Historical Japan

Title: Geol Map of Japan/ Geol Atlas
Publisher: Geol Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1982
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geol Map of Japan/ Geol Atlas

Title: Usujiri
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1982
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Usujiri

Title: North Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1980
Series: CIM 1:1 mil
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of North Japan

Title: North Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1980
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of North Japan

Title: North Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1980
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of North Japan

Title: Geological Map of Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1978
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geological Map of Japan

Title: Geological Map of Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1978
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Geological Map of Japan

Title: Shikabe
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1978
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:50,000
Map of Shikabe

Title: Distribution Map of Hot Springs in Japan
Publisher: Geological Survey of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1975
Series: 1:2,000,000
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:2,000,000
Map of Distribution Map of Hot Springs in Japan

Title: (Japanese) Geol map of Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1974
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Geology
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of (Japanese) Geol map of Japan

Title: Offing of Muroran
Publisher: Maritime Safety Agency
Country: Japan
Year: 1974
Map Type: Bathymetric
Scale: 1:200,000
Map of Offing of Muroran

Title: Landform Classification
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown (Land)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Landform Classification

Title: Land Use
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown (Land)
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Land Use

Title: Population Distribution
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of Population Distribution

Title: River Systems
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1972
Series: from Natl Atlas Japan
Map Type: Unknown
Scale: 1:2,500,000
Map of River Systems

Title: North Japan
Publisher: Geographical Survey Institute of Japan
Country: Japan
Year: 1966
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of North Japan

Title: Hakodate
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1954
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Hakodate

Title: Muroran
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Muroran

Title: Tomakomai
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1944
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:250,000
Map of Tomakomai

Title: Hakodate
Publisher: US Army Map Service
Country: Japan
Year: 1943
Series: AMS
Map Type: Topographic
Scale: 1:1,000,000
Map of Hakodate
Smithsonian Sample Collections Database

The following 4 samples associated with this volcano can be found in the Smithsonian's NMNH Department of Mineral Sciences collections, and may be availble for research (contact the Rock and Ore Collections Manager). Catalog number links will open a window with more information.

Catalog Number Sample Description Lava Source Collection Date
NMNH 112876 Hornblende Dacite NOBORIBETSU THERMAL AREA --
NMNH 112876 Hornblende Dacite NOBORIBETSU THERMAL AREA --
NMNH 112877 Andesite NOBORIBETSU THERMAL AREA --
NMNH 112877 Andesite NOBORIBETSU THERMAL AREA --
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